An integrated ecosystem model for understanding infrastructure PPPs

Pekka Leviäkangas, Lauri Ojala, Juuso Töyli

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    To overcome the seemingly chronic funding gap for public infrastructure investments, well over thousand Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been carried out around the world with varying success in terms of investor returns and socio-economic sustainability. This paper proposes an integrated model that assesses PPP projects at three levels of observation: i) the market; ii) the cash-flow of a project; and iii) the ecosystem around PPPs. The aim is to build a more holistic yet comprehensible framework that links these three levels to better understand PPPs especially in the context of infrastructure projects. It can also be modified to fit multiple contexts and used as a tool for analysing PPPs in their early stages.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)10-19
    JournalUtilities Policy
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • finance
    • infrastructure
    • investment
    • project
    • public-private partnership


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