An Overview of the Security Landscape of Virtual Mobile Networks

Ijaz Ahmad (Corresponding Author), Jarno Pinola, Ilkka Harjula, Jani Suomalainen, Erkki Harjula, Jyrki Huusko, Tanesh Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


5G enables the use of different types of services over the same physical infrastructure through the concepts and technologies of virtualization, softwarization, network slicing and cloud computing. Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs), using these concepts, provide an opportunity to share the same physical infrastructure among multiple operators. Each MVNO can have own distinct operating and support systems. However, the technologies used to enable such an environment have their own explicit security challenges and solutions. The integrated environment built upon these novel concepts and technologies, thus, will have complex security implications and requirements to be satisfied. In this vain, this article provides an overview of the security challenges and potential solutions for MVNOs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169014-169030
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • 3GPP
  • 5G
  • 5G mobile communication
  • Cloud computing
  • Computer architecture
  • NFV Security
  • Security
  • Software
  • Virtual Mobile Networks (VMNs) Security
  • Virtual Networks
  • Virtualization
  • VMNs


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