Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system

H. Cabal, Y. Lechón, U. Ciorba, F. Gracceva, T. Eder, T. Hamacher, Antti Lehtila, M. Biberacher, P.E. Grohnheit, D. Ward, W. Han, C. Eherer, A. Pina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work presents the EFDA Times model (ETM), developed within the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA). ETM is an optimization global energy model which aims at providing the optimum energy system composition in terms of social wealth and sustainability including fusion as an alternative technology in the long term. Two framework scenarios are defined: a Base case scenario with no limits to CO2 emissions, and a 450ppm scenario with a limit of 450ppm in CO2-eq concentrations set by 2100. Previous results showed that in the Base case scenario, with no measures for CO 2 emission reductions, fusion does not enter the energy system. However, when CO2 emission restrictions are imposed, the global energy system composition changes completely. In a 450ppm scenario, coal technologies disappear in a few decades, being mainly replaced by nuclear fission technologies which experience a great increase when constrained only by Uranium resources exhaustion. Fission technologies are then replaced by the fusion power plants that start in 2070, with a significant contribution to the global electricity production by 2100. To conclude the work, a sensitivity analysis will be presented on some parameters that may affect the possible role of fusion in the future global energy system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number01006
Number of pages8
JournalEPJ Web of Conferences
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event2nd European Energy Conference, E2C 2012 - Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 17 Apr 201220 Apr 2012

Fingerprint

fusion
energy
nuclear fission
exhaustion
sensitivity analysis
power plants
electricity
coal
uranium
fission
constrictions
resources
optimization

Cite this

Cabal, H., Lechón, Y., Ciorba, U., Gracceva, F., Eder, T., Hamacher, T., ... Pina, A. (2012). Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system. EPJ Web of Conferences, 33, [01006]. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20123301006
Cabal, H. ; Lechón, Y. ; Ciorba, U. ; Gracceva, F. ; Eder, T. ; Hamacher, T. ; Lehtila, Antti ; Biberacher, M. ; Grohnheit, P.E. ; Ward, D. ; Han, W. ; Eherer, C. ; Pina, A. / Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system. In: EPJ Web of Conferences. 2012 ; Vol. 33.
@article{9da2659caacb4d8697f4fd24280ea563,
title = "Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system",
abstract = "This work presents the EFDA Times model (ETM), developed within the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA). ETM is an optimization global energy model which aims at providing the optimum energy system composition in terms of social wealth and sustainability including fusion as an alternative technology in the long term. Two framework scenarios are defined: a Base case scenario with no limits to CO2 emissions, and a 450ppm scenario with a limit of 450ppm in CO2-eq concentrations set by 2100. Previous results showed that in the Base case scenario, with no measures for CO 2 emission reductions, fusion does not enter the energy system. However, when CO2 emission restrictions are imposed, the global energy system composition changes completely. In a 450ppm scenario, coal technologies disappear in a few decades, being mainly replaced by nuclear fission technologies which experience a great increase when constrained only by Uranium resources exhaustion. Fission technologies are then replaced by the fusion power plants that start in 2070, with a significant contribution to the global electricity production by 2100. To conclude the work, a sensitivity analysis will be presented on some parameters that may affect the possible role of fusion in the future global energy system.",
author = "H. Cabal and Y. Lech{\'o}n and U. Ciorba and F. Gracceva and T. Eder and T. Hamacher and Antti Lehtila and M. Biberacher and P.E. Grohnheit and D. Ward and W. Han and C. Eherer and A. Pina",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1051/epjconf/20123301006",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
journal = "EPJ Web of Conferences",
issn = "2101-6275",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

Cabal, H, Lechón, Y, Ciorba, U, Gracceva, F, Eder, T, Hamacher, T, Lehtila, A, Biberacher, M, Grohnheit, PE, Ward, D, Han, W, Eherer, C & Pina, A 2012, 'Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system', EPJ Web of Conferences, vol. 33, 01006. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20123301006

Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system. / Cabal, H.; Lechón, Y.; Ciorba, U.; Gracceva, F.; Eder, T.; Hamacher, T.; Lehtila, Antti; Biberacher, M.; Grohnheit, P.E.; Ward, D.; Han, W.; Eherer, C.; Pina, A.

In: EPJ Web of Conferences, Vol. 33, 01006, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysing the role of fusion power in the future global energy system

AU - Cabal, H.

AU - Lechón, Y.

AU - Ciorba, U.

AU - Gracceva, F.

AU - Eder, T.

AU - Hamacher, T.

AU - Lehtila, Antti

AU - Biberacher, M.

AU - Grohnheit, P.E.

AU - Ward, D.

AU - Han, W.

AU - Eherer, C.

AU - Pina, A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This work presents the EFDA Times model (ETM), developed within the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA). ETM is an optimization global energy model which aims at providing the optimum energy system composition in terms of social wealth and sustainability including fusion as an alternative technology in the long term. Two framework scenarios are defined: a Base case scenario with no limits to CO2 emissions, and a 450ppm scenario with a limit of 450ppm in CO2-eq concentrations set by 2100. Previous results showed that in the Base case scenario, with no measures for CO 2 emission reductions, fusion does not enter the energy system. However, when CO2 emission restrictions are imposed, the global energy system composition changes completely. In a 450ppm scenario, coal technologies disappear in a few decades, being mainly replaced by nuclear fission technologies which experience a great increase when constrained only by Uranium resources exhaustion. Fission technologies are then replaced by the fusion power plants that start in 2070, with a significant contribution to the global electricity production by 2100. To conclude the work, a sensitivity analysis will be presented on some parameters that may affect the possible role of fusion in the future global energy system.

AB - This work presents the EFDA Times model (ETM), developed within the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA). ETM is an optimization global energy model which aims at providing the optimum energy system composition in terms of social wealth and sustainability including fusion as an alternative technology in the long term. Two framework scenarios are defined: a Base case scenario with no limits to CO2 emissions, and a 450ppm scenario with a limit of 450ppm in CO2-eq concentrations set by 2100. Previous results showed that in the Base case scenario, with no measures for CO 2 emission reductions, fusion does not enter the energy system. However, when CO2 emission restrictions are imposed, the global energy system composition changes completely. In a 450ppm scenario, coal technologies disappear in a few decades, being mainly replaced by nuclear fission technologies which experience a great increase when constrained only by Uranium resources exhaustion. Fission technologies are then replaced by the fusion power plants that start in 2070, with a significant contribution to the global electricity production by 2100. To conclude the work, a sensitivity analysis will be presented on some parameters that may affect the possible role of fusion in the future global energy system.

U2 - 10.1051/epjconf/20123301006

DO - 10.1051/epjconf/20123301006

M3 - Article in a proceedings journal

VL - 33

JO - EPJ Web of Conferences

JF - EPJ Web of Conferences

SN - 2101-6275

M1 - 01006

ER -