Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry

Juha T. Kokkonen, Jari Kiuru, Raimo A. Ketola, Eija Rintala, Helena Simolin, Laura Ruohonen, Merja Penttilä

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

Abstract

In system biology, it is important to develop many kinds of analytical tools for elucidating and understanding cell physiology. Different kind of analytical data from transcriptome, proteome and metabolome levels of the cells are needed. For example, in a metabolome level, analysing of the concentrations of adenosine 5´-monophosphate (AMP), adenosine 5´-diphosphate (ADP), adenosine 5´-triphosphate (ATP), provides valuable information for understanding cellular energy metabolism. In our work, an ion-pairing liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was developed for the analysis of AMP, ADP and ATP from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats. The analytes were retained and separated by using a C18-reversed-phase microbore column, diisopropyl amine (DIPA) as an ion-pairing reagent and isocratic LC-program (60 mM DIPA/MeOH). Isopropanol was post column added for improving the ionisation efficiency and sensitivity in the electrospray ionisation. Positive electrospray ionisation and selected ion monitoring (SIM) modes were used for detection and quantitation. Because the adduct signals of analytes with DIPA were the base peaks in the mass spectrum during ESI in the used conditions, [AMP + 2DIPA + H]+, [ADP + 3DIPA + H]+ and [ATP + 3DIPA + H]+ ions were used as quantitation ions. The quantitation limits for the adenosine nucleotides were 0.1 µmol/g dry weight (DW) of cell extract for AMP, and 0.5 µmol/g DW for both ADP and ATP. Interday RSD with a control sample was 12-20 % and recoveries ranged from 90 to 130 %. The samples for the analysis were taken from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats at different oxygen levels (aerobic, microaerobic, nanoaerobic and anaerobic). Depending on the oxygen level, the nucleotide concentrations in the samples varied between 0.5-3 µmol/g DW for AMP, 1-4 µmol/g DW for ADP and 1-7 µmol/g DW for ATP. Normally, the energy state of the cell is investigated by using energy charge (EC) defined as EC = (ATP + ADP/2)/(AMP + ADP + ATP). Based on the nucleotide analyses, it was observed that at low oxygen levels, energy charge was low but in anaerobic conditions, it increased to the normal level.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 27 Aug 20061 Sep 2006

Conference

Conference17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period27/08/061/09/06

Fingerprint

Chemostats
Electrospray ionization
Liquid chromatography
Yeast
Adenosine
Mass spectrometry
Nucleotides
Adenosine Diphosphate
Diphosphates
Adenosine Monophosphate
Ions
Amines
Oxygen
Electron energy levels
Ion chromatography
2-Propanol
Physiology
Proteome
Ionization
triphosphoric acid

Keywords

  • ionization
  • electrospray
  • mass spectrometry
  • liquid chromatography
  • metabolism
  • metabolites
  • nucleotides

Cite this

Kokkonen, J. T., Kiuru, J., Ketola, R. A., Rintala, E., Simolin, H., Ruohonen, L., & Penttilä, M. (2006). Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. Paper presented at 17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Prague, Czech Republic.
Kokkonen, Juha T. ; Kiuru, Jari ; Ketola, Raimo A. ; Rintala, Eija ; Simolin, Helena ; Ruohonen, Laura ; Penttilä, Merja. / Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. Paper presented at 17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Prague, Czech Republic.
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Kokkonen, JT, Kiuru, J, Ketola, RA, Rintala, E, Simolin, H, Ruohonen, L & Penttilä, M 2006, 'Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry' Paper presented at 17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 27/08/06 - 1/09/06, .

Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. / Kokkonen, Juha T.; Kiuru, Jari; Ketola, Raimo A.; Rintala, Eija; Simolin, Helena; Ruohonen, Laura; Penttilä, Merja.

2006. Paper presented at 17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Prague, Czech Republic.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry

AU - Kokkonen, Juha T.

AU - Kiuru, Jari

AU - Ketola, Raimo A.

AU - Rintala, Eija

AU - Simolin, Helena

AU - Ruohonen, Laura

AU - Penttilä, Merja

N1 - CA2: TK402 CA2: TK401

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - In system biology, it is important to develop many kinds of analytical tools for elucidating and understanding cell physiology. Different kind of analytical data from transcriptome, proteome and metabolome levels of the cells are needed. For example, in a metabolome level, analysing of the concentrations of adenosine 5´-monophosphate (AMP), adenosine 5´-diphosphate (ADP), adenosine 5´-triphosphate (ATP), provides valuable information for understanding cellular energy metabolism. In our work, an ion-pairing liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was developed for the analysis of AMP, ADP and ATP from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats. The analytes were retained and separated by using a C18-reversed-phase microbore column, diisopropyl amine (DIPA) as an ion-pairing reagent and isocratic LC-program (60 mM DIPA/MeOH). Isopropanol was post column added for improving the ionisation efficiency and sensitivity in the electrospray ionisation. Positive electrospray ionisation and selected ion monitoring (SIM) modes were used for detection and quantitation. Because the adduct signals of analytes with DIPA were the base peaks in the mass spectrum during ESI in the used conditions, [AMP + 2DIPA + H]+, [ADP + 3DIPA + H]+ and [ATP + 3DIPA + H]+ ions were used as quantitation ions. The quantitation limits for the adenosine nucleotides were 0.1 µmol/g dry weight (DW) of cell extract for AMP, and 0.5 µmol/g DW for both ADP and ATP. Interday RSD with a control sample was 12-20 % and recoveries ranged from 90 to 130 %. The samples for the analysis were taken from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats at different oxygen levels (aerobic, microaerobic, nanoaerobic and anaerobic). Depending on the oxygen level, the nucleotide concentrations in the samples varied between 0.5-3 µmol/g DW for AMP, 1-4 µmol/g DW for ADP and 1-7 µmol/g DW for ATP. Normally, the energy state of the cell is investigated by using energy charge (EC) defined as EC = (ATP + ADP/2)/(AMP + ADP + ATP). Based on the nucleotide analyses, it was observed that at low oxygen levels, energy charge was low but in anaerobic conditions, it increased to the normal level.

AB - In system biology, it is important to develop many kinds of analytical tools for elucidating and understanding cell physiology. Different kind of analytical data from transcriptome, proteome and metabolome levels of the cells are needed. For example, in a metabolome level, analysing of the concentrations of adenosine 5´-monophosphate (AMP), adenosine 5´-diphosphate (ADP), adenosine 5´-triphosphate (ATP), provides valuable information for understanding cellular energy metabolism. In our work, an ion-pairing liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was developed for the analysis of AMP, ADP and ATP from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats. The analytes were retained and separated by using a C18-reversed-phase microbore column, diisopropyl amine (DIPA) as an ion-pairing reagent and isocratic LC-program (60 mM DIPA/MeOH). Isopropanol was post column added for improving the ionisation efficiency and sensitivity in the electrospray ionisation. Positive electrospray ionisation and selected ion monitoring (SIM) modes were used for detection and quantitation. Because the adduct signals of analytes with DIPA were the base peaks in the mass spectrum during ESI in the used conditions, [AMP + 2DIPA + H]+, [ADP + 3DIPA + H]+ and [ATP + 3DIPA + H]+ ions were used as quantitation ions. The quantitation limits for the adenosine nucleotides were 0.1 µmol/g dry weight (DW) of cell extract for AMP, and 0.5 µmol/g DW for both ADP and ATP. Interday RSD with a control sample was 12-20 % and recoveries ranged from 90 to 130 %. The samples for the analysis were taken from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats at different oxygen levels (aerobic, microaerobic, nanoaerobic and anaerobic). Depending on the oxygen level, the nucleotide concentrations in the samples varied between 0.5-3 µmol/g DW for AMP, 1-4 µmol/g DW for ADP and 1-7 µmol/g DW for ATP. Normally, the energy state of the cell is investigated by using energy charge (EC) defined as EC = (ATP + ADP/2)/(AMP + ADP + ATP). Based on the nucleotide analyses, it was observed that at low oxygen levels, energy charge was low but in anaerobic conditions, it increased to the normal level.

KW - ionization

KW - electrospray

KW - mass spectrometry

KW - liquid chromatography

KW - metabolism

KW - metabolites

KW - nucleotides

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Kokkonen JT, Kiuru J, Ketola RA, Rintala E, Simolin H, Ruohonen L et al. Analysis of adenosine nucleotides from Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemostats by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. 2006. Paper presented at 17th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Prague, Czech Republic.