Analysis of indole alkaloids from Rhazya stricta hairy roots by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

Amir Akhgari, Into Laakso, Tuulikki Seppänen-Laakso, Teijo Yrjönen, Heikki Vuorela, Kirsi-Marja Oksman-Caldentey, Heiko Rischer

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Rhazya stricta Decne. (Apocynaceae) contains a large number of terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs). This study focused on the composition of alkaloids obtained from transformed hairy root cultures of R. stricta employing ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). In the UPLC-MS analyses, a total of 20 TIAs were identified from crude extracts. Eburenine and vincanine were the main alkaloids followed by polar glucoalkaloids, strictosidine lactam and strictosidine. Secodine-type alkaloids, tetrahydrosecodinol, tetrahydro- and dihydrosecodine were detected too. The occurrence of tetrahydrosecodinol was confirmed for the first time for R. stricta. Furthermore, two isomers of yohimbine, serpentine and vallesiachotamine were identified. The study shows that a characteristic pattern of biosynthetically related TIAs can be monitored in Rhazya hairy root crude extract by this chromatographic method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22621-22634
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • Rhazya stricta
  • terpenoid indole alkaloids
  • ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

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