Analysis of mechanisms inducing corrosion cracking of irradiated austenitic steels and development of a model for prediction of crack initiation

Boris Margolin (Corresponding Author), Alexander Sorokin, Natalia Pirogova, Aki Toivonen, Faiza Sefta, Cédric Pokor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The austenitic steels used for RPV internals of light water reactors (LWR) are considered. Mechanisms having a potential effect on irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) of austenitic steels in the LWR environment have been analyzed. Based on the analysis and generalization of reference and original data on IASCC, an IASCC initiation criterion has been formulated. The nature of low-temperature creep of irradiated austenitic steels has been considered, constitutive equations have been derived. Relying on the formulated criterion of grain-boundary microcrack nucleation and the derived creep equations, an IASCC initiation model has been developed. The model allows one to predict the dependence of the threshold stress σth IASCC on neutron dose and also to calculate the IASCC initiation time with stresses exceeding σth IASCC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104235
JournalEngineering Failure Analysis
Volume107
Early online date14 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Austenitic steel
Stress corrosion cracking
Crack initiation
Irradiation
Light water reactors
Creep
Microcracks
austenitic steel
Constitutive equations
Dosimetry
Neutrons
Grain boundaries
Nucleation

Keywords

  • Austenitic steels
  • Constant load tests
  • Constitutive equations
  • Creep
  • Damage dose
  • Grain boundary sliding
  • Intergranular fracture
  • Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking
  • Localized deformation
  • Microcrack
  • Neutron irradiation
  • Passive film
  • RPV internals
  • Slow strain rate tests

Cite this

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title = "Analysis of mechanisms inducing corrosion cracking of irradiated austenitic steels and development of a model for prediction of crack initiation",
abstract = "The austenitic steels used for RPV internals of light water reactors (LWR) are considered. Mechanisms having a potential effect on irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) of austenitic steels in the LWR environment have been analyzed. Based on the analysis and generalization of reference and original data on IASCC, an IASCC initiation criterion has been formulated. The nature of low-temperature creep of irradiated austenitic steels has been considered, constitutive equations have been derived. Relying on the formulated criterion of grain-boundary microcrack nucleation and the derived creep equations, an IASCC initiation model has been developed. The model allows one to predict the dependence of the threshold stress σth IASCC on neutron dose and also to calculate the IASCC initiation time with stresses exceeding σth IASCC.",
keywords = "Austenitic steels, Constant load tests, Constitutive equations, Creep, Damage dose, Grain boundary sliding, Intergranular fracture, Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking, Localized deformation, Microcrack, Neutron irradiation, Passive film, RPV internals, Slow strain rate tests",
author = "Boris Margolin and Alexander Sorokin and Natalia Pirogova and Aki Toivonen and Faiza Sefta and C{\'e}dric Pokor",
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language = "English",
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Analysis of mechanisms inducing corrosion cracking of irradiated austenitic steels and development of a model for prediction of crack initiation. / Margolin, Boris (Corresponding Author); Sorokin, Alexander; Pirogova, Natalia; Toivonen, Aki; Sefta, Faiza; Pokor, Cédric.

In: Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 107, 104235, 01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of mechanisms inducing corrosion cracking of irradiated austenitic steels and development of a model for prediction of crack initiation

AU - Margolin, Boris

AU - Sorokin, Alexander

AU - Pirogova, Natalia

AU - Toivonen, Aki

AU - Sefta, Faiza

AU - Pokor, Cédric

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

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AB - The austenitic steels used for RPV internals of light water reactors (LWR) are considered. Mechanisms having a potential effect on irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) of austenitic steels in the LWR environment have been analyzed. Based on the analysis and generalization of reference and original data on IASCC, an IASCC initiation criterion has been formulated. The nature of low-temperature creep of irradiated austenitic steels has been considered, constitutive equations have been derived. Relying on the formulated criterion of grain-boundary microcrack nucleation and the derived creep equations, an IASCC initiation model has been developed. The model allows one to predict the dependence of the threshold stress σth IASCC on neutron dose and also to calculate the IASCC initiation time with stresses exceeding σth IASCC.

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KW - Localized deformation

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KW - Slow strain rate tests

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