Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation

Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465

Erkki Vesikari, R.M. Ferreira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012
EditorsFabio Biondini, Dan M. Frangopol
PublisherCRC Press
Pages3028-3035
ISBN (Print)978-0-415-62124-3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2012 - Lake Maggiore, Stresa, Italy
Duration: 8 Jul 201212 Jul 2012

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2012
Abbreviated titleIABMAS 2012
CountryItaly
CityStresa
Period8/07/1212/07/12

Fingerprint

Carbonation
Service life
Reinforcement
Degradation
Concrete construction
Reinforced concrete
Concretes
Corrosion
Deterioration

Keywords

  • durbility
  • frost
  • frost-salt
  • carbonation
  • chloride
  • coupled/interacted deterioration
  • service life
  • field testing

Cite this

Vesikari, E., & Ferreira, R. M. (2012). Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation: Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465 . In F. Biondini, & D. M. Frangopol (Eds.), Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012 (pp. 3028-3035). CRC Press.
Vesikari, Erkki ; Ferreira, R.M. / Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation : Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465 . Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. editor / Fabio Biondini ; Dan M. Frangopol. CRC Press, 2012. pp. 3028-3035
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abstract = "The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete.",
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Vesikari, E & Ferreira, RM 2012, Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation: Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465 . in F Biondini & DM Frangopol (eds), Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. CRC Press, pp. 3028-3035, 6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2012, Stresa, Italy, 8/07/12.

Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation : Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465 . / Vesikari, Erkki; Ferreira, R.M.

Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. ed. / Fabio Biondini; Dan M. Frangopol. CRC Press, 2012. p. 3028-3035.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation

T2 - Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465

AU - Vesikari, Erkki

AU - Ferreira, R.M.

PY - 2012

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N2 - The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete.

AB - The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete.

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KW - frost

KW - frost-salt

KW - carbonation

KW - chloride

KW - coupled/interacted deterioration

KW - service life

KW - field testing

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-0-415-62124-3

SP - 3028

EP - 3035

BT - Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability

A2 - Biondini, Fabio

A2 - Frangopol, Dan M.

PB - CRC Press

ER -

Vesikari E, Ferreira RM. Analysis of normative approaches to Service Life Design for carbonation induced reinforcement depassivation: Fib MC-SLD, by50 and LNEC E465 . In Biondini F, Frangopol DM, editors, Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. CRC Press. 2012. p. 3028-3035