Analysis of upward flame spread

Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme

Djebar Baroudi, Matti Kokkala

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

Upward flame spread on wall linings is analyzed theoretically with special emphasis on the application of the models to predict whether the flame spread will be deceleratory or acceleratory. Much of the work is devoted to a revised application of the model by Saito et a.. By applying various analytical expressions for the rate of heat release, quantitative expressions for the flame spread velocity are derived. Criteria for accelerating flame spread are presented. Due to the lack of large scale flame spread tests, the predictions are compared with material data and room fire test results in a Swedish BRANDFORSK test series on wall lining materials and in the EUREFIC programme.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages53
ISBN (Print)951-38-4067-0
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Publications
PublisherVTT
No.89
ISSN (Print)1235-0621
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0849

Fingerprint

Linings
Fires
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • flames
  • flame propagation
  • analyzing
  • wall materials
  • fire tests
  • burning rate
  • linings
  • utilization
  • models
  • predictions
  • forecasting
  • thermodynamic properties
  • heat
  • room fires
  • fire protection

Cite this

Baroudi, D., & Kokkala, M. (1992). Analysis of upward flame spread: Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 89
Baroudi, Djebar ; Kokkala, Matti. / Analysis of upward flame spread : Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992. 53 p. (VTT Publications; No. 89).
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abstract = "Upward flame spread on wall linings is analyzed theoretically with special emphasis on the application of the models to predict whether the flame spread will be deceleratory or acceleratory. Much of the work is devoted to a revised application of the model by Saito et a.. By applying various analytical expressions for the rate of heat release, quantitative expressions for the flame spread velocity are derived. Criteria for accelerating flame spread are presented. Due to the lack of large scale flame spread tests, the predictions are compared with material data and room fire test results in a Swedish BRANDFORSK test series on wall lining materials and in the EUREFIC programme.",
keywords = "flames, flame propagation, analyzing, wall materials, fire tests, burning rate, linings, utilization, models, predictions, forecasting, thermodynamic properties, heat, room fires, fire protection",
author = "Djebar Baroudi and Matti Kokkala",
note = "Project code: PAL80145",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-4067-0",
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Baroudi, D & Kokkala, M 1992, Analysis of upward flame spread: Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme. VTT Publications, no. 89, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Analysis of upward flame spread : Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme. / Baroudi, Djebar; Kokkala, Matti.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992. 53 p. (VTT Publications; No. 89).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

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AU - Kokkala, Matti

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Y1 - 1992

N2 - Upward flame spread on wall linings is analyzed theoretically with special emphasis on the application of the models to predict whether the flame spread will be deceleratory or acceleratory. Much of the work is devoted to a revised application of the model by Saito et a.. By applying various analytical expressions for the rate of heat release, quantitative expressions for the flame spread velocity are derived. Criteria for accelerating flame spread are presented. Due to the lack of large scale flame spread tests, the predictions are compared with material data and room fire test results in a Swedish BRANDFORSK test series on wall lining materials and in the EUREFIC programme.

AB - Upward flame spread on wall linings is analyzed theoretically with special emphasis on the application of the models to predict whether the flame spread will be deceleratory or acceleratory. Much of the work is devoted to a revised application of the model by Saito et a.. By applying various analytical expressions for the rate of heat release, quantitative expressions for the flame spread velocity are derived. Criteria for accelerating flame spread are presented. Due to the lack of large scale flame spread tests, the predictions are compared with material data and room fire test results in a Swedish BRANDFORSK test series on wall lining materials and in the EUREFIC programme.

KW - flames

KW - flame propagation

KW - analyzing

KW - wall materials

KW - fire tests

KW - burning rate

KW - linings

KW - utilization

KW - models

KW - predictions

KW - forecasting

KW - thermodynamic properties

KW - heat

KW - room fires

KW - fire protection

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Baroudi D, Kokkala M. Analysis of upward flame spread: Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992. 53 p. (VTT Publications; No. 89).