Analysis of upward flame spread: Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme

Djebar Baroudi, Matti Kokkala

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

Upward flame spread on wall linings is analyzed theoretically with special emphasis on the application of the models to predict whether the flame spread will be deceleratory or acceleratory. Much of the work is devoted to a revised application of the model by Saito et a.. By applying various analytical expressions for the rate of heat release, quantitative expressions for the flame spread velocity are derived. Criteria for accelerating flame spread are presented. Due to the lack of large scale flame spread tests, the predictions are compared with material data and room fire test results in a Swedish BRANDFORSK test series on wall lining materials and in the EUREFIC programme.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages53
ISBN (Print)951-38-4067-0
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Publications
Number89
ISSN1235-0621

Keywords

  • flames
  • flame propagation
  • analyzing
  • wall materials
  • fire tests
  • burning rate
  • linings
  • utilization
  • models
  • predictions
  • forecasting
  • thermodynamic properties
  • heat
  • room fires
  • fire protection

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  • Cite this

    Baroudi, D., & Kokkala, M. (1992). Analysis of upward flame spread: Project 5 of the EUREFIC fire research programme. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 89