Antimicrobial and Flame-Retardant Coatings Prepared from Nano- and Microparticles of Unmodified and Nitrogen-Modified Polyphenols

Petri Widsten (Corresponding Author), Satu Salo, Tuula Hakkarainen, Thu Lam Nguyen, Marc Borrega, Olesya Fearon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
70 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the structures and functional properties of tannin- and lignin-derived nano- and microparticles and the coatings prepared from them. Nanoparticles prepared from technical lignins and water-insoluble tannin obtained from softwood bark showed large differences in the suspension testing of antibacterial efficacy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria. A common factor among the most effective lignin nanoparticles was a relatively low molar mass of the lignin, but that alone did not guarantee high efficacy. Tannin nanoparticles showed good antibacterial activity both in suspension testing and as coatings applied onto cellulose. The nanoparticles of nitrogen-modified tannin and the small microparticles of nitrogen-modified kraft lignin exhibited promising flame-retardant parameters when applied as coatings on cellulose. These results illustrate the potential of nano- and microsized particles of unmodified and chemically modified polyphenols to provide functional coatings to cellulosic substrates for environments and applications with high hygiene and fire safety requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Article number992
JournalPolymers
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • antimicrobial
  • chemical modification
  • coating
  • flame retardant
  • lignin
  • microparticles
  • nanoparticles
  • tannin

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