Application of text-analytics in quantitative study of science and technology

Samira Ranaei (Corresponding author), Arho Suominen, Alan Porter, Tuomo Kässi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The quantitative study of science, technology and innovation (ST&I science, technology, and innovation (STI)) has experienced significant growth with advancements in disciplines such as mathematics, computer science and information sciences. From the early studies utilizing the statistics method, graph theory, to citations or co-authorship, the state of the art in quantitative methods leverages natural language processing and machine learning. However, there is no unified methodological approach within the research community or a comprehensive understanding of how to exploit text-mining potentials to address ST&I research objectives. Therefore, this chapter intends to present the state of the art of text mining within the framework of ST&I. The major contribution of the chapter is twofold; first, it provides a review of the literature on how text mining extended the quantitative methods applied in ST&I and highlights major methodological challenges. Second, it discusses two hands-on detailed case studies on how to implement the text analytics routine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Handbook of Science and Technology Indicators
EditorsW. Glänzel, H.F. Moed, U. Schmoch, M. Thelwall
PublisherSpringer
Pages957-982
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-02511-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-02510-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

SeriesSpringer Handbooks
ISSN2522-8692

Keywords

  • bibliometrics
  • literature review
  • machine learning
  • natural language processing
  • science mapping
  • scientometrics
  • text analytics
  • text-mining

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  • Cite this

    Ranaei, S., Suominen, A., Porter, A., & Kässi, T. (2019). Application of text-analytics in quantitative study of science and technology. In W. Glänzel, H. F. Moed, U. Schmoch, & M. Thelwall (Eds.), Springer Handbook of Science and Technology Indicators (pp. 957-982). Springer. Springer Handbooks https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02511-3_39