Application of thermostable xylanase of Dictyoglomus sp. in enzymatic treatment of kraft pulps

Marjaana Rättö, Indra Mathrani, Birgitte Ahring, Liisa Viikari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enzymatic treatment of pine and birch kraft pulps with a xylanase preparation from a thermophilic anaerobic bacterium Dictyoglomus sp. strain B1 was studied in order to improve pulp bleachability. Maximal solubilization of pulp xylan was obtained at 90° C and pH 6.0–7.0. The enzyme was also active in the alkaline pH range; at pH 9.0 xylan hydrolysis was decreased by only 18% from the maximum at pH 7.0. The positive effect of xylanase pretreatment at 80° C and pH 6.0 or 8.0 on bleachability of pine kraft pulp was demonstrated. The brightness was increased by two ISO units in one-stage peroxide delignification, which corresponds well to values obtained with other enzymes at lower temperatures and pH values. Thus, the Dictyoglomus xylanase is well suited for pulp treatments at elevated temperatures in neutral and alkaline conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-139
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Xylans
Betula
Temperature
Anaerobic Bacteria
Peroxides
Enzymes
Hydrolysis

Cite this

Rättö, Marjaana ; Mathrani, Indra ; Ahring, Birgitte ; Viikari, Liisa. / Application of thermostable xylanase of Dictyoglomus sp. in enzymatic treatment of kraft pulps. In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 1994 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 130-139.
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title = "Application of thermostable xylanase of Dictyoglomus sp. in enzymatic treatment of kraft pulps",
abstract = "Enzymatic treatment of pine and birch kraft pulps with a xylanase preparation from a thermophilic anaerobic bacterium Dictyoglomus sp. strain B1 was studied in order to improve pulp bleachability. Maximal solubilization of pulp xylan was obtained at 90° C and pH 6.0–7.0. The enzyme was also active in the alkaline pH range; at pH 9.0 xylan hydrolysis was decreased by only 18{\%} from the maximum at pH 7.0. The positive effect of xylanase pretreatment at 80° C and pH 6.0 or 8.0 on bleachability of pine kraft pulp was demonstrated. The brightness was increased by two ISO units in one-stage peroxide delignification, which corresponds well to values obtained with other enzymes at lower temperatures and pH values. Thus, the Dictyoglomus xylanase is well suited for pulp treatments at elevated temperatures in neutral and alkaline conditions.",
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Application of thermostable xylanase of Dictyoglomus sp. in enzymatic treatment of kraft pulps. / Rättö, Marjaana; Mathrani, Indra; Ahring, Birgitte; Viikari, Liisa.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 1994, p. 130-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Rättö, Marjaana

AU - Mathrani, Indra

AU - Ahring, Birgitte

AU - Viikari, Liisa

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AB - Enzymatic treatment of pine and birch kraft pulps with a xylanase preparation from a thermophilic anaerobic bacterium Dictyoglomus sp. strain B1 was studied in order to improve pulp bleachability. Maximal solubilization of pulp xylan was obtained at 90° C and pH 6.0–7.0. The enzyme was also active in the alkaline pH range; at pH 9.0 xylan hydrolysis was decreased by only 18% from the maximum at pH 7.0. The positive effect of xylanase pretreatment at 80° C and pH 6.0 or 8.0 on bleachability of pine kraft pulp was demonstrated. The brightness was increased by two ISO units in one-stage peroxide delignification, which corresponds well to values obtained with other enzymes at lower temperatures and pH values. Thus, the Dictyoglomus xylanase is well suited for pulp treatments at elevated temperatures in neutral and alkaline conditions.

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