Applying a multi-objective optimization approach for Design of low-emission cost-effective dwellings

Mohamed Hamdy, Ala Hasan, Kai Siren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modern buildings and their HVAC systems are required to be not only energy-efficient but also produce fewer economical and environmental impacts while adhering to an ever-increasing demand for better environment. Research shows that building regulations which depend mainly on building envelope requirements do not guarantee the best environmental and economical solutions. In the current study, a modified multi-objective optimization approach based on Genetic Algorithm is proposed and combined with IDA ICE (building performance simulation program). The combination is used to minimize the carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq) emissions and the investment cost for a two-storey house and its HVAC system. Heating/cooling energy source, heat recovery type, and six building envelope parameters are considered as design variables. The modified optimization approach performed efficiently with the three studied cases, which address different summer overheating levels, and a set of optimal combinations (Pareto front) was achieved for each case. It is concluded that: (1) compared with initial design, 32% less CO2-eq emissions and 26% lower investment cost solution could be achieved, (2) the type of heating energy source has a marked influence on the optimal solutions, (3) the influence of the external wall, roof, and floor insulation thickness as well as the window U-value on the energy consumption and thermal comfort level can be reduced into an overall building U-value, (4) to avoid much of summer overheating, dwellings which have insufficient natural ventilation measures could require less insulation than the standard (inconsistent with energy saving requirements) and/or additional cost for shading option.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-123
Number of pages15
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Multiobjective optimization
building
insulation
Insulation
energy source
heat pump
costs
cost
heating
Heating
Costs
Thermal comfort
summer
Waste heat utilization
shading
genetic algorithm
Roofs
Ventilation
ventilation
roof

Cite this

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Applying a multi-objective optimization approach for Design of low-emission cost-effective dwellings. / Hamdy, Mohamed; Hasan, Ala; Siren, Kai.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 46, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 109-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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