Approaches towards a generic methodology for storage of hazardous energy carriers and waste products

Pablo Lerena, Pertti Auerkari, Christian Knaust, Iris Vela, Ulrich Krause (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Energy carriers – either conventional or ‘new’ ones – have to be provided in large amounts to meet the requirements of permanent availability and reliable supply of electricity. Depending on their state of aggregation, energy carriers are either stored in large masses (if solid or liquid) or at elevated pressures (if gaseous). Both impose the hazard of large-scale fire, in the latter case additionally the danger of explosion or unintended release. Very similar hazards occur for wastes. Solid wastes are present in large masses and only a small part is recycled. Most of the solid wastes are used in energy conversion. The main gaseous waste is CO2. During capturing also the hazard of unintended release exists. In this article, existing approaches for safe storage and fire prevention are discussed and a generic methodology is outlined. This methodology consists of the following steps:

• gaining knowledge about the behaviour of the material stored (reactivity, thermal stability, etc.),

• assessing the environmental conditions for the storage site (neighbourhood, safety distances, etc.),

• assessment of prospective consequences of an incident and

• development of individual loss prevention conceptions.

All steps require both experimental testing and theoretical considerations about accident scenarios as integral parts of the methodology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-445
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Risk Research
Volume16
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Hazards
Solid wastes
energy
methodology
Fires
Gaseous effluents
Loss prevention
Energy conversion
Explosions
Accidents
Thermodynamic stability
Agglomeration
Electricity
Availability
aggregation
electricity
environmental factors
incident
accident
Liquids

Keywords

  • storage
  • hazardous materials
  • energy carriers

Cite this

Lerena, Pablo ; Auerkari, Pertti ; Knaust, Christian ; Vela, Iris ; Krause, Ulrich. / Approaches towards a generic methodology for storage of hazardous energy carriers and waste products. In: Journal of Risk Research. 2012 ; Vol. 16, No. 3-4. pp. 433-445.
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Approaches towards a generic methodology for storage of hazardous energy carriers and waste products. / Lerena, Pablo; Auerkari, Pertti; Knaust, Christian; Vela, Iris; Krause, Ulrich (Corresponding Author).

In: Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 16, No. 3-4, 2012, p. 433-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - Energy carriers – either conventional or ‘new’ ones – have to be provided in large amounts to meet the requirements of permanent availability and reliable supply of electricity. Depending on their state of aggregation, energy carriers are either stored in large masses (if solid or liquid) or at elevated pressures (if gaseous). Both impose the hazard of large-scale fire, in the latter case additionally the danger of explosion or unintended release. Very similar hazards occur for wastes. Solid wastes are present in large masses and only a small part is recycled. Most of the solid wastes are used in energy conversion. The main gaseous waste is CO2. During capturing also the hazard of unintended release exists. In this article, existing approaches for safe storage and fire prevention are discussed and a generic methodology is outlined. This methodology consists of the following steps:• gaining knowledge about the behaviour of the material stored (reactivity, thermal stability, etc.),• assessing the environmental conditions for the storage site (neighbourhood, safety distances, etc.),• assessment of prospective consequences of an incident and• development of individual loss prevention conceptions.All steps require both experimental testing and theoretical considerations about accident scenarios as integral parts of the methodology.

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