Aqueous-phase reforming (APR) is a quite new technology for the production of hydrogen and light hydrocarbons from aqueous-organic mixtures in a single-stage process. This manuscript analyzes the APR of representative model compounds of bio-oil aqueous fraction, including acetic acid, ethanol, 1-hydroxypropan-2-one (acetol) and benzene-1,2-diol (catechol), as well as a mixture of all of them. The APR experiments were conducted at 230 °C and 3.2 MPa over three different Ni-based catalysts, including spinel NiAl 2 O 4 , and supported Ni/CeO 2 -γAl 2 O 3 and Ni/La 2 O 3 -αAl 2 O 3 . The reactivity of the model compounds varied largely in the order: acetol > ethanol > catechol > acetic acid, whereas the H 2 production decreased in the following order: ethanol ≫> acetol > acetic acid > catechol. Based on the product distribution obtained, the reaction pathways in the APR of each model compound have been proposed. In the APR of the mixture, the Ni/La 2 O 3 -αAl 2 O 3 led to the highest H 2 yield but was affected by Ni leaching, whereas spinel NiAl 2 O 4 showed a much higher stability. Therefore, the Ni-spinel catalyst showed a good potential for H 2 production by APR of bio-oil aqueous fraction.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Hydrogen Energy|
|Early online date||25 Apr 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 21 May 2019|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Aqueous-phase reforming
- Ni-based catalysts