Arachidonic acid pathway members PLA2G7, HPGD, EPHX2, and CYP4F8 identified as putative novel therapeutic targets in prostate cancer

Paula Vainio, Santosh Gupta, Kirsi Ketola, T. Mirtti, John Mpindi, Pekka Kohonen, Vidal Fey, Merja Perälä, F. Smit, G. Verhaegh, J. Schalken, K.A. Alanen, Olli Kallioniemi, Kristiina Iljin (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    69 Citations (Scopus)


    The arachidonic acid and prostaglandin pathway has been implicated in prostate carcinogenesis, but comprehensive studies of the individual members in this key pathway are lacking. Here, we first conducted a systematic bioinformatic study of the expression of 36 arachidonic acid pathway genes across 9783 human tissue samples. The results showed that the PLA2G7, HPGD, EPHX2, and CYP4F8 genes are highly expressed in prostate cancer. Functional studies using RNA interference in prostate cancer cells indicated that all four genes are also essential for cell growth and survival. Clinical validation confirmed high PLA2G7 expression, especially in ERG oncogene-positive prostate cancers, and its silencing sensitized ERG-positive prostate cancer cells to oxidative stress. HPGD was highly expressed in androgen receptor (AR)-overexpressing advanced tumors, as well as in metastatic prostate cancers. EPHX2 mRNA correlated with AR in primary prostate cancers, and its inhibition in vitro reduced AR signaling and potentiated the effect of antiandrogen flutamide in cultured prostate cancer cells. In summary, we identified four novel putative therapeutic targets with biomarker potential for different subtypes of prostate cancer. In addition, our results indicate that inhibition of these enzymes may be particularly powerful when combined with other treatments, such as androgen deprivation or induction of oxidative stress.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)525-536
    Number of pages12
    JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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