Aspect in ultrasonically enhanced cross-flow membrane filtration of industrial wastewater

Hanna Kyllönen, Pentti Pirkonen, Marianne Nyström

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Ultrasound based on-line cleaninf of membrane filtration of industrial wastewater was studied. An ultrasonic transducer was assembled in the membrane module in order to get and efficent cleaninf of membranes in fouling conditions. The focus of the studies was on the effects of the ultrasound propagation direction and frequency, as well as the transmembrane pressure. The more open the membrane was the easier the membrane plugged by wastewater colloids, when the ultrasound propagation direction was from the feed flow side of the membrane. If the membrane was tight enough, ultrasound irradiated from the feed side of the membrane increased the flux significantly. However, in the circumstances studied, the power intensity needed during filtration was so high that the membranes became damaged. It was discovered that the ultrasonic field produced by the used transducers was uneven in pressure conditions. Ultrasound irradiation at the input power of 120 W (power intensity 1.1 W/cm2) for few seconds was sufficient for membrane cleaning, when sonication was carried out using low frequency ultrasound (27 kHz) at atmospheric pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUltraschall in der Umwelttechnik III
Place of PublicationHamburg
PublisherTechnische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
Pages29-38
ISBN (Print)3-930400-69-3
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event3. Symposium Ultraschall in der Umwelttechnik - Hamburg-Harburg, Germany
Duration: 3 Mar 20054 Mar 2005

Conference

Conference3. Symposium Ultraschall in der Umwelttechnik
CountryGermany
CityHamburg-Harburg
Period3/03/054/03/05

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