Cleavage fracture initiation has generally been assumed to be controlled mainly by matrix stress. Recently, several different cleavage fracture models have been proposed, where also strain is included in the failure criterion. However, the proposals have been rather crude and unable to provide clearly improved fracture estimates. Here, the first two steps of cleavage fracture (particle failure and grain fracture) are examined in more detail. It is shown that both stress and strain are important for cleavage fracture initiation, but that strain mainly affects particle failure, whereas grain fracture is controlled by a pure Griffith criterion. The findings are important for the development of new cleavage fracture models and to the proper way of accounting for constraint.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- cleavage fracture
- fracture mechanics
- fatigue stress