Assembly of citrate gold nanoparticles on hydrophilic monolayers

Inger Vikholm-Lundin (Corresponding Author), Emil Rosqvist, Petri Ihalainen, Tony Munter, Anni Honkimaa, Varpu Marjomäki, Willem M. Albers, Jouko Peltonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) as model surfaces were linked onto planar gold films thorough lipoic acid or disulfide groups. The molecules used were polyethylene glycol (EG-S-S), N-[tris-(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide polymers with and without lipoic acid (Lipa-pTHMMAA and pTHMMAA) and a lipoic acid triazine derivative (Lipa-MF). All the layers, but Lipa-MF with a primary amino group were hydroxyl terminated. The layers were characterized by contact angle measurements and atomic force microscopy, AFM. Citrate stabilized nanoparticles, AuNPs in water and phosphate buffer were allowed to assemble on the layers for 10 min and the binding was followed in real-time with surface plasmon resonance, SPR. The SPR resonance curves were observed to shift to higher angles and become increasingly damped, while also the peaks strongly broaden when large nanoparticles assembled on the surface. Both the angular shift and the damping of the curve was largest for nanoparticles assembling on the EG-S-S monolayer. High amounts of particles were also assembled on the pTHMMAA layer without the lipoic acid group, but the damping of the curve was considerably lower with a more even distribution of the particles. Topographical images confirmed that the highest number of particles were assembled on the polyethylene glycol monolayer. By increasing the interaction time more particles could be assembled on the surface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-529
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Hydrophilic monolayers
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
  • Atomic force microscopy (AFM)
  • Contact angle


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