Urban planning solutions and decisions have large-scale
significance for ecological sustainability,
eco-efficiency, the consumption of energy and other
natural resources, the production of greenhouse gas and
other emissions, and the costs caused by urban form.
The EcoBalance Model was developed to assess
sustainability of urban form and has been applied at
various planning levels: regional plans, local master
plans and detailed plans. The EcoBalance model estimates
the total consumption of energy and other natural
resources, the production of emissions and wastes and the
costs caused directly and indirectly by urban form on a
life cycle basis. The results of the case studies provide
information about the ecological impacts of various
solutions in urban development.
Planning solutions may impact on greenhouse gas emissions
by 10% at the regional level, 60% at the local community
level, and even 200% at the local dwelling area level.
Impact on emissions caused by transportation is even
bigger: at least double compared to the impact on total
emissions. Similarly, large impacts can be seen
concerning the consumption of energy and other natural
resources, as well as costs.
The most important factors in sustainable urban planning
are at the dwelling area level - location, structure,
building density, house types, space heating systems; at
the community and regional level - area density, energy
consumption and production systems, location and
distances between dwellings, working places and services,
transportation systems, possibilities for walking and
cycling, availability of public transport and necessity
for the use of private cars.
|Conference||Symposium on Life Cycle Assessment of Products and Technologies, LCA|
|Period||6/10/09 → 6/10/09|