Assessing ecological sustainability in urban planning: EcoBalance Model

Irmeli Wahlgren

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban planning solutions and decisions have large-scale significance for ecological sustainability, eco-efficiency, the consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of greenhouse gas and other emissions, and the costs caused by urban form. The EcoBalance Model was developed to assess sustainability of urban form and has been applied at various planning levels: regional plans, local master plans and detailed plans. The EcoBalance model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes and the costs caused directly and indirectly by urban form on a life cycle basis. The results of the case studies provide information about the ecological impacts of various solutions in urban development. Planning solutions may impact on greenhouse gas emissions by 10% at the regional level, 60% at the local community level, and even 200% at the local dwelling area level. Impact on emissions caused by transportation is even bigger: at least double compared to the impact on total emissions. Similarly, large impacts can be seen concerning the consumption of energy and other natural resources, as well as costs. The most important factors in sustainable urban planning are at the dwelling area level - location, structure, building density, house types, space heating systems; at the community and regional level - area density, energy consumption and production systems, location and distances between dwellings, working places and services, transportation systems, possibilities for walking and cycling, availability of public transport and necessity for the use of private cars.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLife cycle assessment of products and technologies
Subtitle of host publicationLCA Symposium
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages106-121
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7586-2
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7585-5
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventSymposium on Life Cycle Assessment of Products and Technologies, LCA - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 6 Oct 20096 Oct 2009

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number262
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on Life Cycle Assessment of Products and Technologies, LCA
CountryFinland
CityEspoo
Period6/10/096/10/09

Fingerprint

urban planning
sustainability
natural resource
greenhouse gas
cost
energy
transportation system
public transport
ecological impact
walking
production system
urban development
life cycle
heating
dwelling
consumption
planning
plan

Cite this

Wahlgren, I. (2009). Assessing ecological sustainability in urban planning: EcoBalance Model. In Life cycle assessment of products and technologies: LCA Symposium (pp. 106-121). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 262
Wahlgren, Irmeli. / Assessing ecological sustainability in urban planning : EcoBalance Model. Life cycle assessment of products and technologies: LCA Symposium. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. pp. 106-121 (VTT Symposium; No. 262).
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Wahlgren, I 2009, Assessing ecological sustainability in urban planning: EcoBalance Model. in Life cycle assessment of products and technologies: LCA Symposium. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 262, pp. 106-121, Symposium on Life Cycle Assessment of Products and Technologies, LCA, Espoo, Finland, 6/10/09.

Assessing ecological sustainability in urban planning : EcoBalance Model. / Wahlgren, Irmeli.

Life cycle assessment of products and technologies: LCA Symposium. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2009. p. 106-121 (VTT Symposium; No. 262).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

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AU - Wahlgren, Irmeli

PY - 2009

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N2 - Urban planning solutions and decisions have large-scale significance for ecological sustainability, eco-efficiency, the consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of greenhouse gas and other emissions, and the costs caused by urban form. The EcoBalance Model was developed to assess sustainability of urban form and has been applied at various planning levels: regional plans, local master plans and detailed plans. The EcoBalance model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes and the costs caused directly and indirectly by urban form on a life cycle basis. The results of the case studies provide information about the ecological impacts of various solutions in urban development. Planning solutions may impact on greenhouse gas emissions by 10% at the regional level, 60% at the local community level, and even 200% at the local dwelling area level. Impact on emissions caused by transportation is even bigger: at least double compared to the impact on total emissions. Similarly, large impacts can be seen concerning the consumption of energy and other natural resources, as well as costs. The most important factors in sustainable urban planning are at the dwelling area level - location, structure, building density, house types, space heating systems; at the community and regional level - area density, energy consumption and production systems, location and distances between dwellings, working places and services, transportation systems, possibilities for walking and cycling, availability of public transport and necessity for the use of private cars.

AB - Urban planning solutions and decisions have large-scale significance for ecological sustainability, eco-efficiency, the consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of greenhouse gas and other emissions, and the costs caused by urban form. The EcoBalance Model was developed to assess sustainability of urban form and has been applied at various planning levels: regional plans, local master plans and detailed plans. The EcoBalance model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes and the costs caused directly and indirectly by urban form on a life cycle basis. The results of the case studies provide information about the ecological impacts of various solutions in urban development. Planning solutions may impact on greenhouse gas emissions by 10% at the regional level, 60% at the local community level, and even 200% at the local dwelling area level. Impact on emissions caused by transportation is even bigger: at least double compared to the impact on total emissions. Similarly, large impacts can be seen concerning the consumption of energy and other natural resources, as well as costs. The most important factors in sustainable urban planning are at the dwelling area level - location, structure, building density, house types, space heating systems; at the community and regional level - area density, energy consumption and production systems, location and distances between dwellings, working places and services, transportation systems, possibilities for walking and cycling, availability of public transport and necessity for the use of private cars.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-951-38-7585-5

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Wahlgren I. Assessing ecological sustainability in urban planning: EcoBalance Model. In Life cycle assessment of products and technologies: LCA Symposium. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2009. p. 106-121. (VTT Symposium; No. 262).