Assessing user behaviour and acceptance in real-world automated driving: The L3Pilot project approach

Tyron Louw, Natasha Merat, Barbara Metz, Johanna Wörle, Guilhermina Torrao, Satu Innamaa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsProfessional


The L3Pilot project, funded by H2020, is conducting the first large-scale piloting of SAE Level 3 automated driving in Europe. The main aim of the project is to address a number of key questions in a step towards introducing automated vehicles on European roads. This paper discusses the approach taken by the L3Pilot project, to evaluate user behaviour in, and acceptance of, automated driving in real-world pilots. Although some technical challenges associated with the development and demonstration of such technologies are well-documented, current methodologies, such as those used to evaluate Field Operational Tests (FOTs), offer little guidance about assessing the impact of automated driving on users’ behaviour and acceptance. This paper outlines the methods used and developed for assessing user behaviour and acceptance within the project, summarises some of the methodological challenges involved in collecting data during an automated driving pilot, and discusses some approaches we have
developed to solve these multifaceted challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of TRA2020, the 8th Transport Research Arena
Subtitle of host publicationRethinking transport – towards clean and inclusive mobility
PublisherLiikenne- ja viestintävirasto Traficom
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-311-484-5
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2020
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
Event8th Transport Research Arena, TRA 2020 - Conference cancelled - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 27 Apr 202030 Apr 2020

Publication series

SeriesTraficomin tutkimuksia ja selvityksiä


Conference8th Transport Research Arena, TRA 2020 - Conference cancelled
Abbreviated titleTRA 2020
Internet address


  • Real-world study
  • automated driving pilot
  • Methodology
  • Human factors
  • User acceptance
  • user behaviour


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