Assessment of postoperative sedation level with spectral EEG parameters

Heidi Yppärilä, Ilkka Korhonen, Susanna Westeren-Punnonen, Tadeusz Musialowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Several sedation scores have been developed, but still a need exists for an objective method to monitor sedation level during intensive care. Our study presents a procedure for finding a combination of electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics, which could be used in estimating sedation level. Methods: We measured EEG in 29 cardiac surgical patients prior to and after the cardiac bypass grafting operation at different sedation levels. The clinical assessment of sedation levels was evaluated with the Ramsay Score. Spectral EEG parameters were computed and a linear model to predict postoperative se-dation level was constructed by using principal component analysis and regression analysis. Results: Sedation levels modified all computed spectral EEG parameters. The model based on optimal combination of EEG parameters predicted the observed Ramsay Score value with a prediction probabil-ity of 88%. Conclusions: This study suggests that a combination of spectral EEG parameters may discriminate be-tween 3 sedation levels: awake, moderate sedation and deep sedation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1633-1639
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • electroencephalogram
  • sedation
  • propofol
  • principal component analysis
  • regression analysis
  • prediction probability


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