Automated Flaw Detection in Multi-channel Phased Array Ultrasonic Data Using Machine Learning

Oskar Siljama, Tuomas Koskinen (Corresponding Author), Oskari Jessen-Juhler, Iikka Virkkunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
79 Downloads (Pure)


Modern ultrasonic inspections utilize ever-richer data-sets made possible by phased array equipment. A typical inspection may include tens of channels with different refraction angle, that are acquired at high speed. These rich data sets allow highly reliable and efficient inspection in complex cases, such as dissimilar metal or austenitic stainless steel welds. The rich data sets allow human inspectors to detect cracks with low signal-to-noise ratio from the wider signal patterns. There’s a clear trend in the industry to even richer data sets with full matrix capture (FMC) and related techniques. Convolutional neural networks have recently shown capability to detect flaws with human level accuracy in ultrasonic signals at the B-scan level. To enable automated flaw detection at human-level accuracy for critical applications, these neural networks need be developed to take advantage of today’s rich phased array data-sets. In the present paper, we extend previous work and develop convolutional neural networks that perform highly reliable flaw detection on typical multi-channel phased array data on austenitic welds. The results show, that the modern neural networks can accommodate the rich ultrasonic data and display high flaw detection performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • machine learning
  • NDT
  • phased array
  • image classification


Dive into the research topics of 'Automated Flaw Detection in Multi-channel Phased Array Ultrasonic Data Using Machine Learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this