Automatic sleep staging based on ballistocardiographic signals recorded through bed sensors

Matteo Migliorini, Anna M. Bianchi, Juha M. Kortelainen, Edgar Arce-Santana, Sergio Cerutti, Martin O. Mendez, Domenico Nisticò

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)


    This study presents different methods for automatic sleep classification based on heart rate variability (HRV), respiration and movement signals recorded through bed sensors. Two methods for feature extraction have been implemented: time variant-autoregressive model (TVAM) and wavelet discrete transform (WDT); the obtained features are fed into two classifiers: Quadratic (QD) and Linear (LD) discriminant for staging sleep in REM, nonREM and WAKE periods. The performances of all the possible combinations of feature extractors and classifiers are compared in terms of accuracy and kappa index, using clinical polysomographyc evaluation as golden standard. 17 recordings from healthy subjects, including also polisomnography, were used to train and test the algorithms. When automatic classification is compared. QD-TVAM algorithm achieved a total accuracy of 76.81 ± 7.51% and kappa index of 0.55 ± 0.10, while LD-WDT achieved a total accuracy of 79 ± 10% and kappa index of 0.51 ± 0.17. The results suggest that a good sleep evaluation can be achieved through non-conventional recording systems that could be used outside sleep centers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2010 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2010)
    Subtitle of host publicationBuenos Aires, Argentina, 31 Aug. - 4 Sept. 2010
    Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ, USA
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-4123-5, 978-1-4244-4124-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication


    Dive into the research topics of 'Automatic sleep staging based on ballistocardiographic signals recorded through bed sensors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this