Autonomous mobile machines in mines using 5G enabled operational safety principles

Timo Malm, Daniel Pakkala, Eetu Heikkilä

Research output: Book/ReportReport


This report presents general functional safety principles and how they can be implemented to mining environment. Functional safety is related to safety functions and operations applying sensors, control systems and actuators. Safe operation in mines requires good situational awareness, navigation capabilities and communication between units. Examples of common safety functions of autonomous mobile machines in mines are described. In practice, many functional safety features are needed to ensure overall functional safety requirements. One new option for communication is 5G technology. Safety and cybersecurity risks of communication are presented in general level.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages65
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8774-2
Publication statusPublished - 2023
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Technology


  • functional safety
  • mining operations
  • autonomous mobile machines


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