Behavioral ethics ecologies of human-artificial intelligence systems

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Historically, evolution of behaviors often took place in environments that changed little over millennia. By contrast, today, rapid changes to behaviors and environments come from the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) and the infrastructures that facilitate its application. Behavioral ethics is concerned with how interactions between individuals and their environments can lead people to questionable decisions and dubious actions. For example, interactions between an individual’s self-regulatory resource depletion and organizational pressure to take non-ethical actions. In this paper, four fundamental questions of behavioral ecology are applied to analyze human behavioral ethics in human–AI systems. These four questions are concerned with assessing the function of behavioral traits, how behavioral traits evolve in populations, what are the mechanisms of behavioral traits, and how they can differ among different individuals. These four fundamental behavioral ecology questions are applied in analysis of human behavioral ethics in human–AI systems. This is achieved through reference to vehicle navigation systems and healthcare diagnostic systems, which are enabled by AI. Overall, the paper provides two main contributions. First, behavioral ecology analysis of behavioral ethics. Second, application of behavioral ecology questions to identify opportunities and challenges for ethical human–AI systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


This research was funded by European Commission grant number 952091.


  • artificial intelligence (AI)
  • behavioral ecology
  • behavioral ethics
  • situated entropy
  • diagnostic systems
  • function
  • gait analysis
  • human-AI systems
  • mechanism
  • ontogeny
  • phylogeny
  • vehicle navigation


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