The chosen experiment for the benchmark was a small break loss of coolant accident experiment which was performed to study the natural circulation behavior over a continuous range of primary side coolant inventories. For the blind calculation task, the detailed facility descriptions, the measured pressure and heat losses as well as the results of a short characterizing transient were provided. For the open calculation task part, the experiment results were released.
According to the simulation results, the benchmark experiment was quite challenging to model. Several improvements were found and utilized especially for the open calculation case. The issues concerned model construction, heat and pressure losses impact, interpreting measured and calculated data, non-condensable gas effect, testing several condensation and CCFL correlations, sensitivity studies, as well as break modeling. There is a clear need for user guidelines or for a collection of best practices in modeling for every code.
The benchmark offered a unique opportunity to test the best practices and solutions in modeling and analyzing tasks as well as a possibility to increase knowledge about the interpretation of test results. The benchmark exercise served as a practical and rewarding forum to discuss the needs, problems and possibilities in the analysis and in producing useful data with an experiment facility. The workshops provided an advantageous site for interaction of the code users and the experimenters.
- natural circulation
- PWR PACTEL facility
- small break loss of coolant accident
- system code banchmark exercise
- thermal hydaulics