Benchmarking of the Serpent 2 Monte Carlo code for fusion neutronics applications

Alex Valentine, B. Colling, R. Worrall, Jaakko Leppänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Analyses of radiation fields resulting from a deuterium-tritium (DT) plasma in fusion devices is a critical input to the design and validation of many aspects of the reactor design, including, shielding, material lifetime and remote maintenance requirements/scheduling. Neutronics studies, which perform in-depth analysis are typically performed using radiation transport codes such as MCNP, Tripoli, Serpent, FLUKA and OpenMC. The Serpent 2 Monte-Carlo code, developed by VTT in Finland, is the focus of this work which seeks to benchmark the code for fusion applications. The application of Serpent 2 in fusion specific analysis requires validation of the codes performance in an energy range, and a geometrical description, which significantly differs to conventional nuclear fission analysis, for which the code was originally developed. A Serpent model of the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) Helium Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) mock up experiment has been prepared and the calculated results compared against experimental data, as well as the reference Monte Carlo code MCNP. The analysis is extended to a model of DEMO with HCPB blanket concept. For this model, the flux, nuclear heating, tritium production and DPA are calculated, all of which are integral nuclear responses in fusion reactor analysis. In general, a very good agreement is demonstrated for both of the benchmarks, with any discrepancies pinpointed to different physics models implemented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)794-803
JournalEPJ Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Physics of Reactors, PHYSOR 2020: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future - Cambridge, United Kingdom
Duration: 28 Mar 20202 Apr 2020


  • DEMO
  • FNG
  • Fusion
  • MCNP
  • Neutronics
  • Serpent


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