Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers

Martti Aho, B.-J. Skrifvars, Patrik Yrjas, Kati Veijonen, Raili Taipale, Eila Lybeck, T. Lauren, Mikko Hupa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Composition of deposits, formation of gaseous emissions and distribution of toxic elements in fly ash were studied during the co-combustion of biomass with coal and lignite in electrically stabilised 20 kW bubbling fluidised bed (BFB) and 100 kW circulating fluidised bed (CFB) reactors. Several benefits were detected favouring the extensive use of biomass in energy production together with coal. Combustion of bark and logging residue alone produced Cl-containing deposits, which tend to be corrosive. Sulphur and aluminium silicates inhibited Cl-deposition. Lignite contained less Al and Si and more sulphur and calcium than coal. Even a small addition of coal to the feedstock hindered Cl-deposition. Wood-derived biomass strengthened SO2 capture from the flue gases of coal combustion. The benefit was stronger in CFB than in BFB combustion. Addition of coal improved the quality of fly ash by decreasing the sum concentration of the nine toxic elements included in the new EU co-incineration directive.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002
Place of PublicationAmsterdam, NL
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event12th European Conference and Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 17 Jun 200221 Jun 2002
Conference number: 12

Conference

Conference12th European Conference and Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period17/06/0221/06/02

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combustion
coal
biomass
lignite
fly ash
sulfur
bark
silicate
aluminum
calcium
boiler
fluidised bed

Cite this

Aho, M., Skrifvars, B-J., Yrjas, P., Veijonen, K., Taipale, R., Lybeck, E., ... Hupa, M. (2002). Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers. In EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002 Amsterdam, NL: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies.
Aho, Martti ; Skrifvars, B.-J. ; Yrjas, Patrik ; Veijonen, Kati ; Taipale, Raili ; Lybeck, Eila ; Lauren, T. ; Hupa, Mikko. / Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers. EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. Amsterdam, NL : ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2002.
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Aho, M, Skrifvars, B-J, Yrjas, P, Veijonen, K, Taipale, R, Lybeck, E, Lauren, T & Hupa, M 2002, Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers. in EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, Amsterdam, NL, 12th European Conference and Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 17/06/02.

Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers. / Aho, Martti; Skrifvars, B.-J.; Yrjas, Patrik; Veijonen, Kati; Taipale, Raili; Lybeck, Eila; Lauren, T.; Hupa, Mikko.

EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. Amsterdam, NL : ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2002.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers

AU - Aho, Martti

AU - Skrifvars, B.-J.

AU - Yrjas, Patrik

AU - Veijonen, Kati

AU - Taipale, Raili

AU - Lybeck, Eila

AU - Lauren, T.

AU - Hupa, Mikko

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Composition of deposits, formation of gaseous emissions and distribution of toxic elements in fly ash were studied during the co-combustion of biomass with coal and lignite in electrically stabilised 20 kW bubbling fluidised bed (BFB) and 100 kW circulating fluidised bed (CFB) reactors. Several benefits were detected favouring the extensive use of biomass in energy production together with coal. Combustion of bark and logging residue alone produced Cl-containing deposits, which tend to be corrosive. Sulphur and aluminium silicates inhibited Cl-deposition. Lignite contained less Al and Si and more sulphur and calcium than coal. Even a small addition of coal to the feedstock hindered Cl-deposition. Wood-derived biomass strengthened SO2 capture from the flue gases of coal combustion. The benefit was stronger in CFB than in BFB combustion. Addition of coal improved the quality of fly ash by decreasing the sum concentration of the nine toxic elements included in the new EU co-incineration directive.

AB - Composition of deposits, formation of gaseous emissions and distribution of toxic elements in fly ash were studied during the co-combustion of biomass with coal and lignite in electrically stabilised 20 kW bubbling fluidised bed (BFB) and 100 kW circulating fluidised bed (CFB) reactors. Several benefits were detected favouring the extensive use of biomass in energy production together with coal. Combustion of bark and logging residue alone produced Cl-containing deposits, which tend to be corrosive. Sulphur and aluminium silicates inhibited Cl-deposition. Lignite contained less Al and Si and more sulphur and calcium than coal. Even a small addition of coal to the feedstock hindered Cl-deposition. Wood-derived biomass strengthened SO2 capture from the flue gases of coal combustion. The benefit was stronger in CFB than in BFB combustion. Addition of coal improved the quality of fly ash by decreasing the sum concentration of the nine toxic elements included in the new EU co-incineration directive.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002

PB - ETA-Florence Renewable Energies

CY - Amsterdam, NL

ER -

Aho M, Skrifvars B-J, Yrjas P, Veijonen K, Taipale R, Lybeck E et al. Benefits of biomass and coal co-combustion in fluidised bed boilers. In EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. Amsterdam, NL: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. 2002