Bent icicles and spikes

Norikazu Maeno, Lasse Makkonen, Tsuneya Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-140
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Glaciology
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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formation mechanism
freezing
water supply
water column
laboratory
cold
rate

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Maeno, Norikazu ; Makkonen, Lasse ; Takahashi, Tsuneya. / Bent icicles and spikes. In: Annals of Glaciology. 1994 ; Vol. 19. pp. 138-140.
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author = "Norikazu Maeno and Lasse Makkonen and Tsuneya Takahashi",
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Bent icicles and spikes. / Maeno, Norikazu; Makkonen, Lasse; Takahashi, Tsuneya.

In: Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 19, 1994, p. 138-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bent icicles and spikes

AU - Maeno, Norikazu

AU - Makkonen, Lasse

AU - Takahashi, Tsuneya

N1 - Project code: RAT8026

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.

AB - Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.

U2 - 10.3189/1994AoG19-1-138-140

DO - 10.3189/1994AoG19-1-138-140

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 138

EP - 140

JO - Annals of Glaciology

JF - Annals of Glaciology

SN - 0260-3055

ER -