Bent icicles and spikes

Norikazu Maeno, Lasse Makkonen, Tsuneya Takahashi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)138-140
    Number of pages3
    JournalAnnals of Glaciology
    Volume19
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1994
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    formation mechanism
    freezing
    water supply
    water column
    laboratory
    cold
    rate

    Cite this

    Maeno, Norikazu ; Makkonen, Lasse ; Takahashi, Tsuneya. / Bent icicles and spikes. In: Annals of Glaciology. 1994 ; Vol. 19. pp. 138-140.
    @article{83d67532e0524bba8be9fe7923560d5f,
    title = "Bent icicles and spikes",
    abstract = "Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.",
    author = "Norikazu Maeno and Lasse Makkonen and Tsuneya Takahashi",
    note = "Project code: RAT8026",
    year = "1994",
    doi = "10.3189/1994AoG19-1-138-140",
    language = "English",
    volume = "19",
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    journal = "Annals of Glaciology",
    issn = "0260-3055",
    publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

    }

    Bent icicles and spikes. / Maeno, Norikazu; Makkonen, Lasse; Takahashi, Tsuneya.

    In: Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 19, 1994, p. 138-140.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Bent icicles and spikes

    AU - Maeno, Norikazu

    AU - Makkonen, Lasse

    AU - Takahashi, Tsuneya

    N1 - Project code: RAT8026

    PY - 1994

    Y1 - 1994

    N2 - Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.

    AB - Formation mechanisms of bent icicles and thin spikes were studied by observations of natural icicles and by artificially growing icicles in a cold laboratory, and the results are discussed with reference to the general growth process of icicles. It is shown that icicles can be bent by the displacement of their roots, change in water supply rates, and wind. Spikes were observed to grow by the freezing of a water column captured at the centre of icicles after their length and diameter growth stopped.

    U2 - 10.3189/1994AoG19-1-138-140

    DO - 10.3189/1994AoG19-1-138-140

    M3 - Article

    VL - 19

    SP - 138

    EP - 140

    JO - Annals of Glaciology

    JF - Annals of Glaciology

    SN - 0260-3055

    ER -