Bifurcation of the radial electric field in the presence of edge polarization in Tokamaks

Jukka Heikkinen, S. Jachmich, T. Kiviniemi, T. Kurki-Suonio, A. Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

In guiding-center simulations of a tokamak plasma edge, bifurcations of both the radial electric field and the electrode current are observed for a threshold value of the electrode bias voltage, in qualitative agreement with experiments. The simulations are neoclassical and Monte Carlo based, also containing the perpendicular viscosity effect. Above the voltage threshold, an inward moving, solitary radial electric field structure is generated with a concomitant drop in the electrode current. The position, width, and height of the soliton depend on the magnitude and radial variation of the conductivity (and, thus, on local plasma parameters), finite orbit effects, and also on the perpendicular viscosity and neutral density. The obtained Er structures are narrower and higher than the ones measured in the edge polarization experiments in the Jülich tokamak TEXTOR-94 [S. Jachmich et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 40, 1105 (1998)].
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2824-2834
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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electrodes
electric fields
polarization
viscosity
controlled fusion
threshold voltage
simulation
solitary waves
orbits
conductivity
thresholds
electric potential

Cite this

Heikkinen, J., Jachmich, S., Kiviniemi, T., Kurki-Suonio, T., & Peeters, A. (2001). Bifurcation of the radial electric field in the presence of edge polarization in Tokamaks. Physics of Plasmas, 8(6), 2824-2834. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1368877
Heikkinen, Jukka ; Jachmich, S. ; Kiviniemi, T. ; Kurki-Suonio, T. ; Peeters, A. / Bifurcation of the radial electric field in the presence of edge polarization in Tokamaks. In: Physics of Plasmas. 2001 ; Vol. 8, No. 6. pp. 2824-2834.
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Heikkinen, J, Jachmich, S, Kiviniemi, T, Kurki-Suonio, T & Peeters, A 2001, 'Bifurcation of the radial electric field in the presence of edge polarization in Tokamaks', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 2824-2834. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1368877

Bifurcation of the radial electric field in the presence of edge polarization in Tokamaks. / Heikkinen, Jukka; Jachmich, S.; Kiviniemi, T.; Kurki-Suonio, T.; Peeters, A.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, No. 6, 2001, p. 2824-2834.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Heikkinen, Jukka

AU - Jachmich, S.

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AU - Kurki-Suonio, T.

AU - Peeters, A.

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AB - In guiding-center simulations of a tokamak plasma edge, bifurcations of both the radial electric field and the electrode current are observed for a threshold value of the electrode bias voltage, in qualitative agreement with experiments. The simulations are neoclassical and Monte Carlo based, also containing the perpendicular viscosity effect. Above the voltage threshold, an inward moving, solitary radial electric field structure is generated with a concomitant drop in the electrode current. The position, width, and height of the soliton depend on the magnitude and radial variation of the conductivity (and, thus, on local plasma parameters), finite orbit effects, and also on the perpendicular viscosity and neutral density. The obtained Er structures are narrower and higher than the ones measured in the edge polarization experiments in the Jülich tokamak TEXTOR-94 [S. Jachmich et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 40, 1105 (1998)].

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DO - 10.1063/1.1368877

M3 - Article

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JO - Physics of Plasmas

JF - Physics of Plasmas

SN - 1527-2419

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