Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components

Martta Asikainen, David Thomas, Juha Linnekoski, Antero Laitinen, Ali Harlin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Biorefineries target the optimised use of renewable feedstocks to a family of end products including bio-based chemicals. The forest biomass consists of different types of chemical components; cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and extractives. The bulk of chemicals on the market today are produced from fossil feedstocks. With depleting fossil resources, it is vital to either discover processes for producing these chemicals from biomass, or alternative chemical products able to act as replacements. Targeting chemical processes and products where the use of the natural functionality of biomass is optimised leads to chemical processes with high atom-economy and good mass balances. The production of aromatic chemicals from biomass gives a good example. There are examples where heteroaromatic furan derivatives can act as replacements for currently used fossil sourced BTX (benzene, toluene, xylene) derivatives. The largest biomass reserve, carbohydrates, is better suited for the production of furan derivatives than BTX derivatives due to the chemical functionalities present in carbohydrates. On the other hand, Kraft pulping process by-product crude sulphate turpentine is well suited for producing BTX derivatives with high atom-economy. These two lines of research are examples of the current research activities of the corresponding author.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationYoung Researchers' Abstracts 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventMarcus Wallenberg Prize Award Symposium 2014 - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 22 Sep 201423 Sep 2014

Conference

ConferenceMarcus Wallenberg Prize Award Symposium 2014
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period22/09/1423/09/14

Fingerprint

Wood
Biomass
Xylenes
Toluene
Derivatives
Benzene
Feedstocks
Benzene Derivatives
Carbohydrates
Turpentine
Kraft process
Atoms
Lignin
Cellulose
Sulfates
Byproducts

Keywords

  • catalysis
  • bio-based aromatics
  • furans
  • green chemistry

Cite this

Asikainen, M., Thomas, D., Linnekoski, J., Laitinen, A., & Harlin, A. (2014). Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components. In Young Researchers' Abstracts 2014
Asikainen, Martta ; Thomas, David ; Linnekoski, Juha ; Laitinen, Antero ; Harlin, Ali. / Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components. Young Researchers' Abstracts 2014. 2014.
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Asikainen, M, Thomas, D, Linnekoski, J, Laitinen, A & Harlin, A 2014, Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components. in Young Researchers' Abstracts 2014. Marcus Wallenberg Prize Award Symposium 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, 22/09/14.

Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components. / Asikainen, Martta; Thomas, David; Linnekoski, Juha; Laitinen, Antero; Harlin, Ali.

Young Researchers' Abstracts 2014. 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

TY - CHAP

T1 - Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components

AU - Asikainen, Martta

AU - Thomas, David

AU - Linnekoski, Juha

AU - Laitinen, Antero

AU - Harlin, Ali

N1 - HUO: Poster presentation

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Biorefineries target the optimised use of renewable feedstocks to a family of end products including bio-based chemicals. The forest biomass consists of different types of chemical components; cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and extractives. The bulk of chemicals on the market today are produced from fossil feedstocks. With depleting fossil resources, it is vital to either discover processes for producing these chemicals from biomass, or alternative chemical products able to act as replacements. Targeting chemical processes and products where the use of the natural functionality of biomass is optimised leads to chemical processes with high atom-economy and good mass balances. The production of aromatic chemicals from biomass gives a good example. There are examples where heteroaromatic furan derivatives can act as replacements for currently used fossil sourced BTX (benzene, toluene, xylene) derivatives. The largest biomass reserve, carbohydrates, is better suited for the production of furan derivatives than BTX derivatives due to the chemical functionalities present in carbohydrates. On the other hand, Kraft pulping process by-product crude sulphate turpentine is well suited for producing BTX derivatives with high atom-economy. These two lines of research are examples of the current research activities of the corresponding author.

AB - Biorefineries target the optimised use of renewable feedstocks to a family of end products including bio-based chemicals. The forest biomass consists of different types of chemical components; cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and extractives. The bulk of chemicals on the market today are produced from fossil feedstocks. With depleting fossil resources, it is vital to either discover processes for producing these chemicals from biomass, or alternative chemical products able to act as replacements. Targeting chemical processes and products where the use of the natural functionality of biomass is optimised leads to chemical processes with high atom-economy and good mass balances. The production of aromatic chemicals from biomass gives a good example. There are examples where heteroaromatic furan derivatives can act as replacements for currently used fossil sourced BTX (benzene, toluene, xylene) derivatives. The largest biomass reserve, carbohydrates, is better suited for the production of furan derivatives than BTX derivatives due to the chemical functionalities present in carbohydrates. On the other hand, Kraft pulping process by-product crude sulphate turpentine is well suited for producing BTX derivatives with high atom-economy. These two lines of research are examples of the current research activities of the corresponding author.

KW - catalysis

KW - bio-based aromatics

KW - furans

KW - green chemistry

M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

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Asikainen M, Thomas D, Linnekoski J, Laitinen A, Harlin A. Bio-based aromatic chemicals from wood biomass components. In Young Researchers' Abstracts 2014. 2014