Bio-based multilayer barrier films by extrusion, dispersion coating and atomic layer deposition

Jari Vartiainen (Corresponding Author), Yingfeng Shen, Timo Kaljunen, Tero Malm, Mika Vähä-Nissi, Matti Putkonen, Ali Harlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


A single biopolymer film rarely has a competitive edge against synthetic films. One solution is to combine several layers with different properties into multilayer structures. In this way, for example, the barrier properties of bio-based materials can be improved. In this study, the multilayer films are produced by combining three different techniques/materials: 1) dispersion coating (cellulose nanofibrils, CNF), 2) atomic layer deposition (Al2O3; aluminum oxide), and 3) extrusion coating (polyglycolic acid, PGA). Especially the CNF and PGA-containing multilayer films show promising oxygen barrier improvements at different humidities. Thin inorganic coatings are brittle and sensitive toward stresses during converting, which may limit their use in such specific multilayer structures. The developed bio-based films largely fulfill the barrier requirements of fresh food packaging.
Original languageEnglish
Article number42260
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • biomaterials
  • coatings
  • extrusion
  • films
  • packaging

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