Bio-oil production of softwood and hardwood forest industry residues through fast and intermediate pyrolysis and its chromatographic characterization

Isadora Dalla Vecchia Torri, Ville Paasikallio, Candice Faccini, Rafael Huff, Elina B. Caramao, Vera Sacon, Anja Oasmaa, Claudia A. Zini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bio-oils were produced through intermediate (IP) and fast pyrolysis (FP), using Eucalyptus sp. (hardwood) and Picea abies (softwood), wood wastes produced in large scale in Pulp and Paper industries. Characterization of these bio-oils was made using GC/qMS and GC*GC/TOFMS. The use of GC*GC provided a broader characterization of bio-oils and it allowed tracing potential markers of hardwood bio-oil, such as dimethoxy-phenols, which might co-elute in 1D-GC. Catalytic FP increased the percentage of aromatic hydrocarbons in P. abies bio-oil, indicating its potential for fuel production. However, the presence of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) draws attention to the need of a proper management of pyrolysis process in order to avoid the production of toxic compounds and also to the importance of GC*GC/TOFMS use to avoid co-elutions and consequent inaccuracies related to identification and quantification associated with GC/qMS. Ketones and phenols were the major bio-oil compounds and they might be applied to polymer production.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-690
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume200
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Softwoods
Hardwoods
oil production
pyrolysis
Oils
Pyrolysis
oil
Industry
Phenols
phenol
Wood wastes
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
pulp and paper industry
Paper and pulp industry
Poisons
Aromatic hydrocarbons
ketone
Hydrocarbons
aromatic hydrocarbon
Ketones

Keywords

  • residues
  • biomass
  • pyrolysis
  • bio-oil
  • comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

Cite this

Torri, Isadora Dalla Vecchia ; Paasikallio, Ville ; Faccini, Candice ; Huff, Rafael ; Caramao, Elina B. ; Sacon, Vera ; Oasmaa, Anja ; Zini, Claudia A. / Bio-oil production of softwood and hardwood forest industry residues through fast and intermediate pyrolysis and its chromatographic characterization. In: Bioresource Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 200. pp. 680-690.
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Bio-oil production of softwood and hardwood forest industry residues through fast and intermediate pyrolysis and its chromatographic characterization. / Torri, Isadora Dalla Vecchia; Paasikallio, Ville; Faccini, Candice; Huff, Rafael; Caramao, Elina B.; Sacon, Vera; Oasmaa, Anja; Zini, Claudia A.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 200, 2016, p. 680-690.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bio-oil production of softwood and hardwood forest industry residues through fast and intermediate pyrolysis and its chromatographic characterization

AU - Torri, Isadora Dalla Vecchia

AU - Paasikallio, Ville

AU - Faccini, Candice

AU - Huff, Rafael

AU - Caramao, Elina B.

AU - Sacon, Vera

AU - Oasmaa, Anja

AU - Zini, Claudia A.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Bio-oils were produced through intermediate (IP) and fast pyrolysis (FP), using Eucalyptus sp. (hardwood) and Picea abies (softwood), wood wastes produced in large scale in Pulp and Paper industries. Characterization of these bio-oils was made using GC/qMS and GC*GC/TOFMS. The use of GC*GC provided a broader characterization of bio-oils and it allowed tracing potential markers of hardwood bio-oil, such as dimethoxy-phenols, which might co-elute in 1D-GC. Catalytic FP increased the percentage of aromatic hydrocarbons in P. abies bio-oil, indicating its potential for fuel production. However, the presence of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) draws attention to the need of a proper management of pyrolysis process in order to avoid the production of toxic compounds and also to the importance of GC*GC/TOFMS use to avoid co-elutions and consequent inaccuracies related to identification and quantification associated with GC/qMS. Ketones and phenols were the major bio-oil compounds and they might be applied to polymer production.

AB - Bio-oils were produced through intermediate (IP) and fast pyrolysis (FP), using Eucalyptus sp. (hardwood) and Picea abies (softwood), wood wastes produced in large scale in Pulp and Paper industries. Characterization of these bio-oils was made using GC/qMS and GC*GC/TOFMS. The use of GC*GC provided a broader characterization of bio-oils and it allowed tracing potential markers of hardwood bio-oil, such as dimethoxy-phenols, which might co-elute in 1D-GC. Catalytic FP increased the percentage of aromatic hydrocarbons in P. abies bio-oil, indicating its potential for fuel production. However, the presence of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) draws attention to the need of a proper management of pyrolysis process in order to avoid the production of toxic compounds and also to the importance of GC*GC/TOFMS use to avoid co-elutions and consequent inaccuracies related to identification and quantification associated with GC/qMS. Ketones and phenols were the major bio-oil compounds and they might be applied to polymer production.

KW - residues

KW - biomass

KW - pyrolysis

KW - bio-oil

KW - comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

U2 - 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.10.086

DO - 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.10.086

M3 - Article

VL - 200

SP - 680

EP - 690

JO - Bioresource Technology

JF - Bioresource Technology

SN - 0960-8524

ER -