Biochemical and Techno-Functional Properties of Protein- and Fibre-Rich Hybrid Ingredients Produced by Dry Fractionation from Rice Bran

Pia Silventoinen (Corresponding Author), Katariina Rommi, Ulla Holopainen-Mantila, Kaisa Poutanen, Emilia Nordlund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Rice bran is an underutilized side-stream from white rice production, rich in protein and dietary fibre. The aim of the work was to study dry fractionation as a novel approach to enrich protein from non-heated, supercritical carbon dioxide–extracted milled rice bran. One-step air classification allowed protein enrichment from an original 18.5% up to 25.7% in the fine fraction. Alternatively, air classification of the non-milled raw material resulted in a fine fraction (19.7% protein) that was according to microscopy analysis free of pericarp structures, and a coarse fraction containing protein-rich aleurone and germ particles and pericarp structures. Further milling and air classification of the coarse fraction resulted in higher protein enrichment (to 27.4%). All the fine fractions produced by dry fractionation were also enriched in soluble dietary fibre whereas starch content was decreased. Additionally, the fine fractions showed improved protein solubility and colloidal stability and, thus, elevated applicability in food products as compared to the non-fractionated raw material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1487-1499
Number of pages13
JournalFood and Bioprocess Technology
Volume12
Issue number9
Early online date3 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

rice bran
Fractionation
functional properties
fractionation
dietary fiber
ingredients
Proteins
Fibers
proteins
pericarp
Air
air
Dietary Fiber
raw materials
Raw materials
protein solubility
Starch
Oryza
microscopy
Microscopic examination

Keywords

  • rice bran
  • protein
  • supercritical carbon dioxide extraction
  • air classification
  • dry milling
  • functional properties

Cite this

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title = "Biochemical and Techno-Functional Properties of Protein- and Fibre-Rich Hybrid Ingredients Produced by Dry Fractionation from Rice Bran",
abstract = "Rice bran is an underutilized side-stream from white rice production, rich in protein and dietary fibre. The aim of the work was to study dry fractionation as a novel approach to enrich protein from non-heated, supercritical carbon dioxide–extracted milled rice bran. One-step air classification allowed protein enrichment from an original 18.5{\%} up to 25.7{\%} in the fine fraction. Alternatively, air classification of the non-milled raw material resulted in a fine fraction (19.7{\%} protein) that was according to microscopy analysis free of pericarp structures, and a coarse fraction containing protein-rich aleurone and germ particles and pericarp structures. Further milling and air classification of the coarse fraction resulted in higher protein enrichment (to 27.4{\%}). All the fine fractions produced by dry fractionation were also enriched in soluble dietary fibre whereas starch content was decreased. Additionally, the fine fractions showed improved protein solubility and colloidal stability and, thus, elevated applicability in food products as compared to the non-fractionated raw material.",
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T1 - Biochemical and Techno-Functional Properties of Protein- and Fibre-Rich Hybrid Ingredients Produced by Dry Fractionation from Rice Bran

AU - Silventoinen, Pia

AU - Rommi, Katariina

AU - Holopainen-Mantila, Ulla

AU - Poutanen, Kaisa

AU - Nordlund, Emilia

PY - 2019/9/15

Y1 - 2019/9/15

N2 - Rice bran is an underutilized side-stream from white rice production, rich in protein and dietary fibre. The aim of the work was to study dry fractionation as a novel approach to enrich protein from non-heated, supercritical carbon dioxide–extracted milled rice bran. One-step air classification allowed protein enrichment from an original 18.5% up to 25.7% in the fine fraction. Alternatively, air classification of the non-milled raw material resulted in a fine fraction (19.7% protein) that was according to microscopy analysis free of pericarp structures, and a coarse fraction containing protein-rich aleurone and germ particles and pericarp structures. Further milling and air classification of the coarse fraction resulted in higher protein enrichment (to 27.4%). All the fine fractions produced by dry fractionation were also enriched in soluble dietary fibre whereas starch content was decreased. Additionally, the fine fractions showed improved protein solubility and colloidal stability and, thus, elevated applicability in food products as compared to the non-fractionated raw material.

AB - Rice bran is an underutilized side-stream from white rice production, rich in protein and dietary fibre. The aim of the work was to study dry fractionation as a novel approach to enrich protein from non-heated, supercritical carbon dioxide–extracted milled rice bran. One-step air classification allowed protein enrichment from an original 18.5% up to 25.7% in the fine fraction. Alternatively, air classification of the non-milled raw material resulted in a fine fraction (19.7% protein) that was according to microscopy analysis free of pericarp structures, and a coarse fraction containing protein-rich aleurone and germ particles and pericarp structures. Further milling and air classification of the coarse fraction resulted in higher protein enrichment (to 27.4%). All the fine fractions produced by dry fractionation were also enriched in soluble dietary fibre whereas starch content was decreased. Additionally, the fine fractions showed improved protein solubility and colloidal stability and, thus, elevated applicability in food products as compared to the non-fractionated raw material.

KW - rice bran

KW - protein

KW - supercritical carbon dioxide extraction

KW - air classification

KW - dry milling

KW - functional properties

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