Biodegradability and Compostability of Nanofibrillar Cellulose-Based Products

Minna Vikman (Corresponding Author), Jari Vartiainen, Irina Tsitko, P Korhonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodegradability and compostability of nanofibrillar cellulose-based (NFC) products including films, concentrated NFC and paper products containing NFC were evaluated under controlled composting conditions. All the NFC products tested were biodegradable according to the requirements set in European standard EN 13432. NFC even enhanced the rate of biodegradability of paper containing 1.5 % NFC as an additive. Disintegration during composting was evaluated using the modified pilot-scale composting test EN 14045. NFC films disintegrated completely in 3 weeks of composting, and NFC did not influence the degradability of paper products containing NFC. Ecotoxicity during biodegradation of NFC products in a compost environment was evaluated using a bioluminescence test with Vibrio fischeri. No acute toxicity was detected for any of the samples
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-215
JournalJournal of Polymers and the Environment
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Biodegradability
Cellulose
Composting
Paper products
Bioluminescence
Disintegration
Biodegradation
Toxicity

Keywords

  • Nanofibrillar cellulose
  • Cellulose nanofibrils
  • Biodegradation
  • Composting
  • Ecotoxicity

Cite this

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title = "Biodegradability and Compostability of Nanofibrillar Cellulose-Based Products",
abstract = "Biodegradability and compostability of nanofibrillar cellulose-based (NFC) products including films, concentrated NFC and paper products containing NFC were evaluated under controlled composting conditions. All the NFC products tested were biodegradable according to the requirements set in European standard EN 13432. NFC even enhanced the rate of biodegradability of paper containing 1.5 {\%} NFC as an additive. Disintegration during composting was evaluated using the modified pilot-scale composting test EN 14045. NFC films disintegrated completely in 3 weeks of composting, and NFC did not influence the degradability of paper products containing NFC. Ecotoxicity during biodegradation of NFC products in a compost environment was evaluated using a bioluminescence test with Vibrio fischeri. No acute toxicity was detected for any of the samples",
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Biodegradability and Compostability of Nanofibrillar Cellulose-Based Products. / Vikman, Minna (Corresponding Author); Vartiainen, Jari; Tsitko, Irina; Korhonen, P.

In: Journal of Polymers and the Environment, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2015, p. 206-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Vikman, Minna

AU - Vartiainen, Jari

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AB - Biodegradability and compostability of nanofibrillar cellulose-based (NFC) products including films, concentrated NFC and paper products containing NFC were evaluated under controlled composting conditions. All the NFC products tested were biodegradable according to the requirements set in European standard EN 13432. NFC even enhanced the rate of biodegradability of paper containing 1.5 % NFC as an additive. Disintegration during composting was evaluated using the modified pilot-scale composting test EN 14045. NFC films disintegrated completely in 3 weeks of composting, and NFC did not influence the degradability of paper products containing NFC. Ecotoxicity during biodegradation of NFC products in a compost environment was evaluated using a bioluminescence test with Vibrio fischeri. No acute toxicity was detected for any of the samples

KW - Nanofibrillar cellulose

KW - Cellulose nanofibrils

KW - Biodegradation

KW - Composting

KW - Ecotoxicity

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