Bioenergy

H. Chum, A. Faaij, J. Moreira, G. Berndes, P. Dhamija, H. Dong, B. Gabrielle, A. Goss Eng, W. Lucht, M. Mapako, O. Masera Cerutti, T. McIntyre, T. Minowa, Kim Pingoud

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Bioenergy has a signifi cant greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential, provided that the resources are developed
sustainably and that effi cient bioenergy systems are used. Certain current systems and key future options including
perennial cropping systems, use of biomass residues and wastes and advanced conversion systems are able to deliver
80 to 90% emission reductions compared to the fossil energy baseline. However, land use conversion and forest management that lead to a loss of carbon stocks (direct) in addition to indirect land use change (d+iLUC) effects can lessen,
and in some cases more than neutralize, the net positive GHG mitigation impacts. Impacts of climate change through
temperature increases, rainfall pattern changes and increased frequency of extreme events will infl uence and interact
with biomass resource potential. This interaction is still poorly understood, but it is likely to exhibit strong regional differences. Climate change impacts on biomass feedstock production exist but if global temperature rise is limited to less
than 2o
C compared with the pre-industrial record, it may pose few constraints. Combining adaptation measures with
biomass resource production can offer more sustainable opportunities for bioenergy and perennial cropping systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRenewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation
Subtitle of host publicationSpecial Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
EditorsOttomar Edenhofer, Ramón Pichs Madruga, Youba Sokona
Chapter2
Pages209-332
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

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    Chum, H., Faaij, A., Moreira, J., Berndes, G., Dhamija, P., Dong, H., Gabrielle, B., Goss Eng, A., Lucht, W., Mapako, M., Masera Cerutti, O., McIntyre, T., Minowa, T., & Pingoud, K. (2011). Bioenergy. In O. Edenhofer, R. P. Madruga, & Y. Sokona (Eds.), Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (pp. 209-332) https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/03/SRREN_Full_Report-1.pdf