Bioenergy in Europe

Implementation of EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe and RD&D priorities for the future

Kai Sipilä, Tuula Mäkinen, Carl Wilén, Yrjö Solantausta, Antti Arasto, Satu Helynen, Herman Den Uil, Jürgen Vehlow, Hannes Schwaiger, Benoit Gabrielle, Philip Peck, Magdalena Rogulska

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The study carried out within the Bioenergy Network of Excellence analyses the implementation of important EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe to identify major RD&D needs in the field. Major EU directives, commonly known as the Promotion of Renewable Electricity, Biofuels and Landfill Directives, along with the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and parts of the Common Agricultural Policy, are some of the most important drivers behind the growth of bioenergy in the EU27 today. The report compares how Germany, Finland and the Netherlands have implemented the directives, examining the policy frameworks in each country and the plans and mechanisms in place to reach national targets. A wider European perspective for each directive is then drawn out, and recommendations for RD&D actions to meet the EU directive targets or obligations in each area are outlined. The report also takes a broader look at the effects the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and the Common Agricultural Policy are having on the use of biomass in the EU with RD&D recommendations for each area. Bioenergy NoE advocates stronger communication and co-operation among various EU-wide projects and initiatives focusing on bioenergy development. Industry commitment to RD&D projects is, however, the only direct path for bringing state-of-the-art technology and products to market. Building sustainable production pathways and addressing competition with food products is crucial to developing environmentally-sound biofuels. Research in renewable electricity from biomass should prioritize development of higher efficiency power production and power-to-heat ratios in combined heat and power plants over new technology development. In the biofuels field, RD&D should prioritize the development of more sustainable, second generation biofuels. To meet landfill diversion targets, thermal conversion and energy recovery of municipal solid waste in some EU countries will have to increase. Meeting the European targets set for 2020 requires significant technology development in order to introduce a new generation of biofuels and feedstocks: this is the focus for Bioenergy NoE RD&D.

Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages57
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7221-2
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7220-5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.2441
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Land fill
Biomass
Electricity
Cogeneration plants
Municipal solid waste
Feedstocks
Acoustic waves
Recovery
Communication
Industry
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Barriers
  • Bioenergy
  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Biomass availability
  • Energy policy
  • Energy technology
  • EU
  • Fuel resources
  • R&D
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Research and development
  • Transportation
  • Waste
  • Waste to energy

Cite this

Sipilä, K., Mäkinen, T., Wilén, C., Solantausta, Y., Arasto, A., Helynen, S., ... Rogulska, M. (2008). Bioenergy in Europe: Implementation of EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe and RD&D priorities for the future. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2441
Sipilä, Kai ; Mäkinen, Tuula ; Wilén, Carl ; Solantausta, Yrjö ; Arasto, Antti ; Helynen, Satu ; Den Uil, Herman ; Vehlow, Jürgen ; Schwaiger, Hannes ; Gabrielle, Benoit ; Peck, Philip ; Rogulska, Magdalena. / Bioenergy in Europe : Implementation of EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe and RD&D priorities for the future. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 57 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2441).
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Sipilä, K, Mäkinen, T, Wilén, C, Solantausta, Y, Arasto, A, Helynen, S, Den Uil, H, Vehlow, J, Schwaiger, H, Gabrielle, B, Peck, P & Rogulska, M 2008, Bioenergy in Europe: Implementation of EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe and RD&D priorities for the future. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2441, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

Bioenergy in Europe : Implementation of EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe and RD&D priorities for the future. / Sipilä, Kai; Mäkinen, Tuula; Wilén, Carl; Solantausta, Yrjö; Arasto, Antti; Helynen, Satu; Den Uil, Herman; Vehlow, Jürgen; Schwaiger, Hannes; Gabrielle, Benoit; Peck, Philip; Rogulska, Magdalena.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 57 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2441).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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AU - Sipilä, Kai

AU - Mäkinen, Tuula

AU - Wilén, Carl

AU - Solantausta, Yrjö

AU - Arasto, Antti

AU - Helynen, Satu

AU - Den Uil, Herman

AU - Vehlow, Jürgen

AU - Schwaiger, Hannes

AU - Gabrielle, Benoit

AU - Peck, Philip

AU - Rogulska, Magdalena

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AB - The study carried out within the Bioenergy Network of Excellence analyses the implementation of important EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe to identify major RD&D needs in the field. Major EU directives, commonly known as the Promotion of Renewable Electricity, Biofuels and Landfill Directives, along with the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and parts of the Common Agricultural Policy, are some of the most important drivers behind the growth of bioenergy in the EU27 today. The report compares how Germany, Finland and the Netherlands have implemented the directives, examining the policy frameworks in each country and the plans and mechanisms in place to reach national targets. A wider European perspective for each directive is then drawn out, and recommendations for RD&D actions to meet the EU directive targets or obligations in each area are outlined. The report also takes a broader look at the effects the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and the Common Agricultural Policy are having on the use of biomass in the EU with RD&D recommendations for each area. Bioenergy NoE advocates stronger communication and co-operation among various EU-wide projects and initiatives focusing on bioenergy development. Industry commitment to RD&D projects is, however, the only direct path for bringing state-of-the-art technology and products to market. Building sustainable production pathways and addressing competition with food products is crucial to developing environmentally-sound biofuels. Research in renewable electricity from biomass should prioritize development of higher efficiency power production and power-to-heat ratios in combined heat and power plants over new technology development. In the biofuels field, RD&D should prioritize the development of more sustainable, second generation biofuels. To meet landfill diversion targets, thermal conversion and energy recovery of municipal solid waste in some EU countries will have to increase. Meeting the European targets set for 2020 requires significant technology development in order to introduce a new generation of biofuels and feedstocks: this is the focus for Bioenergy NoE RD&D.

KW - Barriers

KW - Bioenergy

KW - Biofuels

KW - Biomass

KW - Biomass availability

KW - Energy policy

KW - Energy technology

KW - EU

KW - Fuel resources

KW - R&D

KW - Renewable energy sources

KW - Research and development

KW - Transportation

KW - Waste

KW - Waste to energy

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M3 - Report

SN - 978-951-38-7220-5

T3 - VTT Research Notes

BT - Bioenergy in Europe

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

ER -

Sipilä K, Mäkinen T, Wilén C, Solantausta Y, Arasto A, Helynen S et al. Bioenergy in Europe: Implementation of EU directives and policies relating to bioenergy in Europe and RD&D priorities for the future. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 57 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2441).