Bioethanol from spruce bark: A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill

Eemeli Hytönen, Olli Aaltonen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientific

Abstract

A techno-economic evaluation of a softwood bark biorefinery concept integrated into a typical Finnish chemical pulping mill was carried out. Due to the higher carbohydrate content of spruce bark over pine bark, spruce bark was chosen to be the feedstock of the study. The pulp production capacity of the mill was assumed to be 600 000 t/yr. Since bark constitutes about 10% of the softwood the total amount of bark at the mill is 130 000 t dry bark/yr. In this study half of this bark is led to the bio-refinery. The clear conclusion of the study is that the studied concept is not profitable with current prices and process steps: Enzyme and feedstock costs constitute the major part of the operation and maintenance costs (~70%). From the cost structure it can also be seen, that the price of the end products should be several €/kg. One profitable concept would be the extraction of phenolics straight from bark or from pre-treated bark and upgrading them to valuable products.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 24 Aug 200828 Aug 2008

Conference

Conference11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008
Abbreviated titlePRES 2008
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period24/08/0828/08/08

Fingerprint

biorefining
bioethanol
pulp
Picea
bark
softwood
feedstocks
chemical pulping
economic analysis
carbohydrate content
Pinus

Keywords

  • Bark biorefinery
  • Bioethanol
  • Techno-economic study

Cite this

Hytönen, E., & Aaltonen, O. (2008). Bioethanol from spruce bark: A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill. 11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic.
Hytönen, Eemeli ; Aaltonen, Olli. / Bioethanol from spruce bark : A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill. 11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic.
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abstract = "A techno-economic evaluation of a softwood bark biorefinery concept integrated into a typical Finnish chemical pulping mill was carried out. Due to the higher carbohydrate content of spruce bark over pine bark, spruce bark was chosen to be the feedstock of the study. The pulp production capacity of the mill was assumed to be 600 000 t/yr. Since bark constitutes about 10{\%} of the softwood the total amount of bark at the mill is 130 000 t dry bark/yr. In this study half of this bark is led to the bio-refinery. The clear conclusion of the study is that the studied concept is not profitable with current prices and process steps: Enzyme and feedstock costs constitute the major part of the operation and maintenance costs (~70{\%}). From the cost structure it can also be seen, that the price of the end products should be several €/kg. One profitable concept would be the extraction of phenolics straight from bark or from pre-treated bark and upgrading them to valuable products.",
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Hytönen, E & Aaltonen, O 2008, 'Bioethanol from spruce bark: A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill' 11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic, 24/08/08 - 28/08/08, .

Bioethanol from spruce bark : A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill. / Hytönen, Eemeli; Aaltonen, Olli.

2008. 11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Bioethanol from spruce bark

T2 - A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill

AU - Hytönen, Eemeli

AU - Aaltonen, Olli

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - A techno-economic evaluation of a softwood bark biorefinery concept integrated into a typical Finnish chemical pulping mill was carried out. Due to the higher carbohydrate content of spruce bark over pine bark, spruce bark was chosen to be the feedstock of the study. The pulp production capacity of the mill was assumed to be 600 000 t/yr. Since bark constitutes about 10% of the softwood the total amount of bark at the mill is 130 000 t dry bark/yr. In this study half of this bark is led to the bio-refinery. The clear conclusion of the study is that the studied concept is not profitable with current prices and process steps: Enzyme and feedstock costs constitute the major part of the operation and maintenance costs (~70%). From the cost structure it can also be seen, that the price of the end products should be several €/kg. One profitable concept would be the extraction of phenolics straight from bark or from pre-treated bark and upgrading them to valuable products.

AB - A techno-economic evaluation of a softwood bark biorefinery concept integrated into a typical Finnish chemical pulping mill was carried out. Due to the higher carbohydrate content of spruce bark over pine bark, spruce bark was chosen to be the feedstock of the study. The pulp production capacity of the mill was assumed to be 600 000 t/yr. Since bark constitutes about 10% of the softwood the total amount of bark at the mill is 130 000 t dry bark/yr. In this study half of this bark is led to the bio-refinery. The clear conclusion of the study is that the studied concept is not profitable with current prices and process steps: Enzyme and feedstock costs constitute the major part of the operation and maintenance costs (~70%). From the cost structure it can also be seen, that the price of the end products should be several €/kg. One profitable concept would be the extraction of phenolics straight from bark or from pre-treated bark and upgrading them to valuable products.

KW - Bark biorefinery

KW - Bioethanol

KW - Techno-economic study

M3 - Other conference contribution

ER -

Hytönen E, Aaltonen O. Bioethanol from spruce bark: A concept study of a biorefinery process integrated into a Finnish pulp mill. 2008. 11th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction, PRES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic.