Biogasification of biowaste and sewage sludge: Measurement of biogas quality

M. Kymäläinen (Corresponding Author), K. Lähde, Mona Arnold, J.M. Kurola, M. Romantschuk, H. Kautola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biogas quality, the presence of some trace components (siloxanes, sulfur compounds, volatile organic compounds, VOCs) in biogas, is in a decisive role when determining the biogas utilization and the purification requirements and equipments. In the present work, the effects of process changes related to reactor loading variations on the concentrations of selected trace compounds in biogas were studied. Source separated biowaste and sewage sludge were co-digested in a mesophilic pilot reactor (200 L) for four months during which the organic load was stepwise increased. The results showed that the process worked steadily up to the load of 8 kgVS m−3d−1. Also the community composition of methanogenic archae stayed largely unaffected by the load increase, and was at all stages typical for a mesophilic biogasification process. Gaseous concentrations of siloxanes, hydrogen sulfide and most VOCs remained at a constant low level, showing no sensitivity to variations in the load and related process changes. However, the total siloxane concentration in the biogas was dependent on feed quality, and the detected concentrations require removal prior to use in turbines or fuel cells. Otherwise, after the removal of siloxanes, the biogas studied in this work is well applicable in various electricity production options, like in gas engines, turbines, microturbines and fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S122-S127
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume95
Issue numberSupplement
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Biogas
Sewage sludge
biogas
Volatile organic compounds
volatile organic compound
fuel cell
turbine
Fuel cells
Turbines
Gas engines
Sulfur compounds
sulfur compound
Hydrogen sulfide
hydrogen sulfide
Purification
community composition
purification
sewage sludge
electricity
Electricity

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • biogas
  • biogas measurement
  • biogasification
  • trace gas compound

Cite this

Kymäläinen, M., Lähde, K., Arnold, M., Kurola, J. M., Romantschuk, M., & Kautola, H. (2012). Biogasification of biowaste and sewage sludge: Measurement of biogas quality. Journal of Environmental Management, 95(Supplement), S122-S127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.01.003
Kymäläinen, M. ; Lähde, K. ; Arnold, Mona ; Kurola, J.M. ; Romantschuk, M. ; Kautola, H. / Biogasification of biowaste and sewage sludge : Measurement of biogas quality. In: Journal of Environmental Management. 2012 ; Vol. 95, No. Supplement. pp. S122-S127.
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Kymäläinen, M, Lähde, K, Arnold, M, Kurola, JM, Romantschuk, M & Kautola, H 2012, 'Biogasification of biowaste and sewage sludge: Measurement of biogas quality', Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 95, no. Supplement, pp. S122-S127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.01.003

Biogasification of biowaste and sewage sludge : Measurement of biogas quality. / Kymäläinen, M. (Corresponding Author); Lähde, K.; Arnold, Mona; Kurola, J.M.; Romantschuk, M.; Kautola, H.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 95, No. Supplement, 2012, p. S122-S127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biogasification of biowaste and sewage sludge

T2 - Measurement of biogas quality

AU - Kymäläinen, M.

AU - Lähde, K.

AU - Arnold, Mona

AU - Kurola, J.M.

AU - Romantschuk, M.

AU - Kautola, H.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Biogas quality, the presence of some trace components (siloxanes, sulfur compounds, volatile organic compounds, VOCs) in biogas, is in a decisive role when determining the biogas utilization and the purification requirements and equipments. In the present work, the effects of process changes related to reactor loading variations on the concentrations of selected trace compounds in biogas were studied. Source separated biowaste and sewage sludge were co-digested in a mesophilic pilot reactor (200 L) for four months during which the organic load was stepwise increased. The results showed that the process worked steadily up to the load of 8 kgVS m−3d−1. Also the community composition of methanogenic archae stayed largely unaffected by the load increase, and was at all stages typical for a mesophilic biogasification process. Gaseous concentrations of siloxanes, hydrogen sulfide and most VOCs remained at a constant low level, showing no sensitivity to variations in the load and related process changes. However, the total siloxane concentration in the biogas was dependent on feed quality, and the detected concentrations require removal prior to use in turbines or fuel cells. Otherwise, after the removal of siloxanes, the biogas studied in this work is well applicable in various electricity production options, like in gas engines, turbines, microturbines and fuel cells.

AB - Biogas quality, the presence of some trace components (siloxanes, sulfur compounds, volatile organic compounds, VOCs) in biogas, is in a decisive role when determining the biogas utilization and the purification requirements and equipments. In the present work, the effects of process changes related to reactor loading variations on the concentrations of selected trace compounds in biogas were studied. Source separated biowaste and sewage sludge were co-digested in a mesophilic pilot reactor (200 L) for four months during which the organic load was stepwise increased. The results showed that the process worked steadily up to the load of 8 kgVS m−3d−1. Also the community composition of methanogenic archae stayed largely unaffected by the load increase, and was at all stages typical for a mesophilic biogasification process. Gaseous concentrations of siloxanes, hydrogen sulfide and most VOCs remained at a constant low level, showing no sensitivity to variations in the load and related process changes. However, the total siloxane concentration in the biogas was dependent on feed quality, and the detected concentrations require removal prior to use in turbines or fuel cells. Otherwise, after the removal of siloxanes, the biogas studied in this work is well applicable in various electricity production options, like in gas engines, turbines, microturbines and fuel cells.

KW - Anaerobic digestion

KW - biogas

KW - biogas measurement

KW - biogasification

KW - trace gas compound

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.01.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.01.003

M3 - Article

VL - 95

SP - S122-S127

JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

SN - 0301-4797

IS - Supplement

ER -