Biomethane as tractor fuel: Opportunities for customer, manufacturer or climate

Petri Hannukainen, Rafael Åman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Farming is today dependent on fossil energy. Agricultural machinery uses mostly fossil diesel as engine fuel. Also heating and electrics of farm facilities are direct energy consumption of food production that is at least partly based on fossil energy. Production of agrochemicals consume large amount of energy which is mostly produced by fossil fuel. Additionally, agrochemicals use many raw materials that have limited natural resources, like phosphorus. In general, the whole food production chain, including machinery, heating and electrics of farm facilities, production of agrochemicals, is at least partly based on fossil energy. Due to increased usage and unit costs, energy has become a major cost of food production. Thereby energy consumption as overall is important to optimize in food production to guarantee its viability but also sustainability. Nowadays the CO2 emissions of non-road mobile machinery (NRMM) are not controlled by legislation. However, the machines’ fuel efficiency is important marketing factor that drives the development. Reduction potential of CO2 emission when using combustion engine as main energy source of vehicle is limited to rather modest ratio. Development in different components and vehicle operation can gain some improvement in total efficiency. By switching to the renewable fuel the reduction in CO2 emissions reduction can be dramatic. This paper considers different aspects of the farm energy consumption and how biogas production can influence to it. Specifically, how tractor operation can benefit of renewable natural gas (RNG - also biomethane) availability. Finally, the experiences of Agco/Valtra on tractors running on RNG are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLand.Technik AgEng 2017
Subtitle of host publicationAgricultural Engineering Conference
Place of PublicationDüsseldorf
PublisherVDI Verlag GmbH
Pages355-365
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-18-102300-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-18-092300-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event75th Conference on Agricultural Engineering, LAND TECHNIK AgEng 2017 - Hanover, Germany
Duration: 10 Nov 201711 Nov 2017

Publication series

SeriesVDI-Berichte
Volume2300
ISSN0083-5560

Conference

Conference75th Conference on Agricultural Engineering, LAND TECHNIK AgEng 2017
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityHanover
Period10/11/1711/11/17

Keywords

  • Biomethane
  • tractors
  • Biogas production
  • Alternative fuels
  • dual-fuel

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