The microbial stability of dry sausages is determined by the combination and timing of different factors referred to as the hurdle-concept. However, the hurdles present in dry sausage are not sufficient to prevent the survival of Listeria monocytogenes or enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Recently bioprotective lactic acid bacteria, which in addition to the production of antimicrobial lactic acid, have been found to contribute to the safety of the dry sausage by producing antimicrobial peptide, i.e. bacteriocins and other low-molecular-mass compounds. Furthermore, the possibilities to use probotics in dry sausage manufacturing process has been addressed recently. As one possible mode of action for probiotics is the production of antimicrobial compounds, lactic acid bacteria may act as both probiotic and bioprotective culture as well as fermenting agent in meat product, such as dry sausage.
- Dry sausage
- Bioprotective culture