Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels

Päivi Aakko-Saksa (Corresponding author), timo Murtonen, Hannu Vesala, Päivi Koponen, Sami Nyyssönen, Harri Puustinen, Kati Lehtoranta, Hilkka Timonen, Kimmo Teinilä, Risto Hillamo, Panu Karjalainen, Niina Kuittinen, Pauli Simonen, Topi Rönkkö, Jorma Keskinen, Erkka Saukko, Monica Tutuiany, Roman Fischerleitner, Liisa Pirjola, Olli-Pekka BrunilaEsa Hämäläinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

Abstract

Ship emissions are anticipated to increase with the expected rise in commercial shipping, particularly in the Arctic, if preventive actions are not implemented. Shipping represents 9% of the global SOx emissions and 18-30% of the global NOx emissions. Share of shipping in the global black carbon (BC) emissions is less than 2%, however, in the north of 70° latitude BC mostly originate from shipping [1, 2]. BC increases global warming and ice melting through deposition on ice and snow. The international maritime organisation (IMO) limit for BC is anticipated, and work is launched to establish definition and methodology for BC. BC measurements and its definition are known to be challenging. For example, results from different experimental techniques, absorptive, refractive and thermal, differ from each other, but only a few studies provide detailed insight on the BC emissions from ships. This work on BC measurement techniques is realised within the "SEA-EFFECTS BC" project in co-operation with research organisations and industrial partners. BC emissions were measured with Wärtsilä Vasa 4R32 marine engine at VTT's laboratory by using IMO relevant measurement methods, for example OC/EC, MAAP, FSN, MSS and PAS. In-depth analysis of other emissions in parallel to BC measurements were used to increase understanding of the results obtained with different techniques, which is a prerequisite for further development. Tested fuels with sulfur contents ranging from 0.1% to 3.5% were used in order to generate different exhaust gases from marine engine in realistic conditions. Preliminary analysis of the results by using different techniques to measure BC emissions from ships are shown. Future work will focus on the on-board validation of measurement methods, and in-depth evaluation of the results to increase understanding of applicability of the methods. Other aspects of the "SEA-EFFECTS BC" project deal with on-line monitoring and business opportunities in the field of emission measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCIMAC Technical Paper Database
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
Event28th CIMAC World Congress - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 6 Jun 201610 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference28th CIMAC World Congress
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period6/06/1610/06/16

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black carbon
carbon emission
shipping
measurement method
engine
ice
global warming
snow
melting
sulfur

Cite this

Aakko-Saksa, P., Murtonen, T., Vesala, H., Koponen, P., Nyyssönen, S., Puustinen, H., ... Hämäläinen, E. (2016). Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels. In CIMAC Technical Paper Database
Aakko-Saksa, Päivi ; Murtonen, timo ; Vesala, Hannu ; Koponen, Päivi ; Nyyssönen, Sami ; Puustinen, Harri ; Lehtoranta, Kati ; Timonen, Hilkka ; Teinilä, Kimmo ; Hillamo, Risto ; Karjalainen, Panu ; Kuittinen, Niina ; Simonen, Pauli ; Rönkkö, Topi ; Keskinen, Jorma ; Saukko, Erkka ; Tutuiany, Monica ; Fischerleitner, Roman ; Pirjola, Liisa ; Brunila, Olli-Pekka ; Hämäläinen, Esa. / Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels. CIMAC Technical Paper Database. 2016.
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title = "Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels",
abstract = "Ship emissions are anticipated to increase with the expected rise in commercial shipping, particularly in the Arctic, if preventive actions are not implemented. Shipping represents 9{\%} of the global SOx emissions and 18-30{\%} of the global NOx emissions. Share of shipping in the global black carbon (BC) emissions is less than 2{\%}, however, in the north of 70° latitude BC mostly originate from shipping [1, 2]. BC increases global warming and ice melting through deposition on ice and snow. The international maritime organisation (IMO) limit for BC is anticipated, and work is launched to establish definition and methodology for BC. BC measurements and its definition are known to be challenging. For example, results from different experimental techniques, absorptive, refractive and thermal, differ from each other, but only a few studies provide detailed insight on the BC emissions from ships. This work on BC measurement techniques is realised within the {"}SEA-EFFECTS BC{"} project in co-operation with research organisations and industrial partners. BC emissions were measured with W{\"a}rtsil{\"a} Vasa 4R32 marine engine at VTT's laboratory by using IMO relevant measurement methods, for example OC/EC, MAAP, FSN, MSS and PAS. In-depth analysis of other emissions in parallel to BC measurements were used to increase understanding of the results obtained with different techniques, which is a prerequisite for further development. Tested fuels with sulfur contents ranging from 0.1{\%} to 3.5{\%} were used in order to generate different exhaust gases from marine engine in realistic conditions. Preliminary analysis of the results by using different techniques to measure BC emissions from ships are shown. Future work will focus on the on-board validation of measurement methods, and in-depth evaluation of the results to increase understanding of applicability of the methods. Other aspects of the {"}SEA-EFFECTS BC{"} project deal with on-line monitoring and business opportunities in the field of emission measurements.",
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Aakko-Saksa, P, Murtonen, T, Vesala, H, Koponen, P, Nyyssönen, S, Puustinen, H, Lehtoranta, K, Timonen, H, Teinilä, K, Hillamo, R, Karjalainen, P, Kuittinen, N, Simonen, P, Rönkkö, T, Keskinen, J, Saukko, E, Tutuiany, M, Fischerleitner, R, Pirjola, L, Brunila, O-P & Hämäläinen, E 2016, Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels. in CIMAC Technical Paper Database. 28th CIMAC World Congress , Helsinki, Finland, 6/06/16.

Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels. / Aakko-Saksa, Päivi (Corresponding author); Murtonen, timo; Vesala, Hannu; Koponen, Päivi; Nyyssönen, Sami; Puustinen, Harri; Lehtoranta, Kati; Timonen, Hilkka; Teinilä, Kimmo; Hillamo, Risto; Karjalainen, Panu; Kuittinen, Niina; Simonen, Pauli; Rönkkö, Topi; Keskinen, Jorma; Saukko, Erkka; Tutuiany, Monica; Fischerleitner, Roman; Pirjola, Liisa; Brunila, Olli-Pekka; Hämäläinen, Esa.

CIMAC Technical Paper Database. 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

TY - GEN

T1 - Black carbon measurements using different marine fuels

AU - Aakko-Saksa, Päivi

AU - Murtonen, timo

AU - Vesala, Hannu

AU - Koponen, Päivi

AU - Nyyssönen, Sami

AU - Puustinen, Harri

AU - Lehtoranta, Kati

AU - Timonen, Hilkka

AU - Teinilä, Kimmo

AU - Hillamo, Risto

AU - Karjalainen, Panu

AU - Kuittinen, Niina

AU - Simonen, Pauli

AU - Rönkkö, Topi

AU - Keskinen, Jorma

AU - Saukko, Erkka

AU - Tutuiany, Monica

AU - Fischerleitner, Roman

AU - Pirjola, Liisa

AU - Brunila, Olli-Pekka

AU - Hämäläinen, Esa

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Ship emissions are anticipated to increase with the expected rise in commercial shipping, particularly in the Arctic, if preventive actions are not implemented. Shipping represents 9% of the global SOx emissions and 18-30% of the global NOx emissions. Share of shipping in the global black carbon (BC) emissions is less than 2%, however, in the north of 70° latitude BC mostly originate from shipping [1, 2]. BC increases global warming and ice melting through deposition on ice and snow. The international maritime organisation (IMO) limit for BC is anticipated, and work is launched to establish definition and methodology for BC. BC measurements and its definition are known to be challenging. For example, results from different experimental techniques, absorptive, refractive and thermal, differ from each other, but only a few studies provide detailed insight on the BC emissions from ships. This work on BC measurement techniques is realised within the "SEA-EFFECTS BC" project in co-operation with research organisations and industrial partners. BC emissions were measured with Wärtsilä Vasa 4R32 marine engine at VTT's laboratory by using IMO relevant measurement methods, for example OC/EC, MAAP, FSN, MSS and PAS. In-depth analysis of other emissions in parallel to BC measurements were used to increase understanding of the results obtained with different techniques, which is a prerequisite for further development. Tested fuels with sulfur contents ranging from 0.1% to 3.5% were used in order to generate different exhaust gases from marine engine in realistic conditions. Preliminary analysis of the results by using different techniques to measure BC emissions from ships are shown. Future work will focus on the on-board validation of measurement methods, and in-depth evaluation of the results to increase understanding of applicability of the methods. Other aspects of the "SEA-EFFECTS BC" project deal with on-line monitoring and business opportunities in the field of emission measurements.

AB - Ship emissions are anticipated to increase with the expected rise in commercial shipping, particularly in the Arctic, if preventive actions are not implemented. Shipping represents 9% of the global SOx emissions and 18-30% of the global NOx emissions. Share of shipping in the global black carbon (BC) emissions is less than 2%, however, in the north of 70° latitude BC mostly originate from shipping [1, 2]. BC increases global warming and ice melting through deposition on ice and snow. The international maritime organisation (IMO) limit for BC is anticipated, and work is launched to establish definition and methodology for BC. BC measurements and its definition are known to be challenging. For example, results from different experimental techniques, absorptive, refractive and thermal, differ from each other, but only a few studies provide detailed insight on the BC emissions from ships. This work on BC measurement techniques is realised within the "SEA-EFFECTS BC" project in co-operation with research organisations and industrial partners. BC emissions were measured with Wärtsilä Vasa 4R32 marine engine at VTT's laboratory by using IMO relevant measurement methods, for example OC/EC, MAAP, FSN, MSS and PAS. In-depth analysis of other emissions in parallel to BC measurements were used to increase understanding of the results obtained with different techniques, which is a prerequisite for further development. Tested fuels with sulfur contents ranging from 0.1% to 3.5% were used in order to generate different exhaust gases from marine engine in realistic conditions. Preliminary analysis of the results by using different techniques to measure BC emissions from ships are shown. Future work will focus on the on-board validation of measurement methods, and in-depth evaluation of the results to increase understanding of applicability of the methods. Other aspects of the "SEA-EFFECTS BC" project deal with on-line monitoring and business opportunities in the field of emission measurements.

UR - https://www.cimac.com/cms/upload/events/cascades/CASCADES_2017_Finland/10_Pivi_Aakko_Saksa_CIMAC_Cascades_2017_BCresults.pdf

UR - http://www.cimac.com/publication-press/technical-database/index.html

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - CIMAC Technical Paper Database

ER -