Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements

S. Tuurna, S. Yli-Olli, P. Pohjanne, J. Meskanen, J. Heikkilä

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Combustion of different biofuels and waste generates highly corrosive gases and heavy metals chlorides as well as ashes containing alkaline chlorides and sulphates. Using such fuels in power and CHP boilers can pose a challenge for materials performance, and the pressure to maintain high efficiency increases the challenge further. Heat exchanger tubes may experience substantial thinning leading to premature failure as a result of fireside corrosion during the operation. Such failures cause unpredicted overhauls and availability losses. The change of tube materials in the most critical components is one option to extend the lifetime of components. This paper summarises the results of exposure tests carried out in a CFB boiler using various wood, paper and plastic-based recycled trade and industry fuels suitable for energy use together with peat. The aim of the study was to find alternative tube material for superheater, in location where the current type 347 austenitic stainless steel tube material has experienced fireside corrosion up to 2 mm/a. The exposure test was carried out with air cooled probe exposed in the boiler for a time up to 1400 hours at nominal material temperature of 550 °C. Materials selected for the study were austenitic stainless steels types TP347H (UNS 34709), HR3C (TP310HCbN) and Sanicro 28 (UNS N08028). Following exposure, a section was taken from each specimen and examined using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed chlorine and sulphur species penetrating through grain boundaries into alloy structures. The higher alloying provides better corrosion performance, however all alloys suffered corrosion attack.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings
    Subtitle of host publication10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event10th Liege Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering - Liege, Belgium
    Duration: 14 Sep 201417 Sep 2014
    Conference number: 10

    Conference

    Conference10th Liege Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering
    CountryBelgium
    CityLiege
    Period14/09/1417/09/14

    Fingerprint

    Boilers
    Corrosion
    Austenitic stainless steel
    Ashes
    Superheaters
    Peat
    Tubes (components)
    Biofuels
    Alloying
    Chlorine
    Heavy metals
    Optical microscopy
    Wood
    Grain boundaries
    Sulfur
    Availability
    Plastics
    Scanning electron microscopy
    Air
    Gases

    Keywords

    • corrosion monitoring
    • austenitic superheater steel

    Cite this

    Tuurna, S., Yli-Olli, S., Pohjanne, P., Meskanen, J., & Heikkilä, J. (2014). Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements. In Proceedings: 10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014
    Tuurna, S. ; Yli-Olli, S. ; Pohjanne, P. ; Meskanen, J. ; Heikkilä, J. / Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements. Proceedings: 10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014. 2014.
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    title = "Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements",
    abstract = "Combustion of different biofuels and waste generates highly corrosive gases and heavy metals chlorides as well as ashes containing alkaline chlorides and sulphates. Using such fuels in power and CHP boilers can pose a challenge for materials performance, and the pressure to maintain high efficiency increases the challenge further. Heat exchanger tubes may experience substantial thinning leading to premature failure as a result of fireside corrosion during the operation. Such failures cause unpredicted overhauls and availability losses. The change of tube materials in the most critical components is one option to extend the lifetime of components. This paper summarises the results of exposure tests carried out in a CFB boiler using various wood, paper and plastic-based recycled trade and industry fuels suitable for energy use together with peat. The aim of the study was to find alternative tube material for superheater, in location where the current type 347 austenitic stainless steel tube material has experienced fireside corrosion up to 2 mm/a. The exposure test was carried out with air cooled probe exposed in the boiler for a time up to 1400 hours at nominal material temperature of 550 °C. Materials selected for the study were austenitic stainless steels types TP347H (UNS 34709), HR3C (TP310HCbN) and Sanicro 28 (UNS N08028). Following exposure, a section was taken from each specimen and examined using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed chlorine and sulphur species penetrating through grain boundaries into alloy structures. The higher alloying provides better corrosion performance, however all alloys suffered corrosion attack.",
    keywords = "corrosion monitoring, austenitic superheater steel",
    author = "S. Tuurna and S. Yli-Olli and P. Pohjanne and J. Meskanen and J. Heikkil{\"a}",
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    Tuurna, S, Yli-Olli, S, Pohjanne, P, Meskanen, J & Heikkilä, J 2014, Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements. in Proceedings: 10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014. 10th Liege Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering, Liege, Belgium, 14/09/14.

    Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements. / Tuurna, S.; Yli-Olli, S.; Pohjanne, P.; Meskanen, J.; Heikkilä, J.

    Proceedings: 10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014. 2014.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements

    AU - Tuurna, S.

    AU - Yli-Olli, S.

    AU - Pohjanne, P.

    AU - Meskanen, J.

    AU - Heikkilä, J.

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Combustion of different biofuels and waste generates highly corrosive gases and heavy metals chlorides as well as ashes containing alkaline chlorides and sulphates. Using such fuels in power and CHP boilers can pose a challenge for materials performance, and the pressure to maintain high efficiency increases the challenge further. Heat exchanger tubes may experience substantial thinning leading to premature failure as a result of fireside corrosion during the operation. Such failures cause unpredicted overhauls and availability losses. The change of tube materials in the most critical components is one option to extend the lifetime of components. This paper summarises the results of exposure tests carried out in a CFB boiler using various wood, paper and plastic-based recycled trade and industry fuels suitable for energy use together with peat. The aim of the study was to find alternative tube material for superheater, in location where the current type 347 austenitic stainless steel tube material has experienced fireside corrosion up to 2 mm/a. The exposure test was carried out with air cooled probe exposed in the boiler for a time up to 1400 hours at nominal material temperature of 550 °C. Materials selected for the study were austenitic stainless steels types TP347H (UNS 34709), HR3C (TP310HCbN) and Sanicro 28 (UNS N08028). Following exposure, a section was taken from each specimen and examined using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed chlorine and sulphur species penetrating through grain boundaries into alloy structures. The higher alloying provides better corrosion performance, however all alloys suffered corrosion attack.

    AB - Combustion of different biofuels and waste generates highly corrosive gases and heavy metals chlorides as well as ashes containing alkaline chlorides and sulphates. Using such fuels in power and CHP boilers can pose a challenge for materials performance, and the pressure to maintain high efficiency increases the challenge further. Heat exchanger tubes may experience substantial thinning leading to premature failure as a result of fireside corrosion during the operation. Such failures cause unpredicted overhauls and availability losses. The change of tube materials in the most critical components is one option to extend the lifetime of components. This paper summarises the results of exposure tests carried out in a CFB boiler using various wood, paper and plastic-based recycled trade and industry fuels suitable for energy use together with peat. The aim of the study was to find alternative tube material for superheater, in location where the current type 347 austenitic stainless steel tube material has experienced fireside corrosion up to 2 mm/a. The exposure test was carried out with air cooled probe exposed in the boiler for a time up to 1400 hours at nominal material temperature of 550 °C. Materials selected for the study were austenitic stainless steels types TP347H (UNS 34709), HR3C (TP310HCbN) and Sanicro 28 (UNS N08028). Following exposure, a section was taken from each specimen and examined using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed chlorine and sulphur species penetrating through grain boundaries into alloy structures. The higher alloying provides better corrosion performance, however all alloys suffered corrosion attack.

    KW - corrosion monitoring

    KW - austenitic superheater steel

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-3-95806-000-5

    BT - Proceedings

    ER -

    Tuurna S, Yli-Olli S, Pohjanne P, Meskanen J, Heikkilä J. Boiler material optimisation with corrosion probe measurements. In Proceedings: 10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014. 2014