Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K

David Cuadrado-Calle, Danielle George, Gary A. Fuller, Kieran Cleary, Lorene Samoska, Pekka Kangaslahti, Jacob W. Kooi, Mary Soria, Mikko Varonen, Richard Lai, Xiaobing Mei

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number7836302
    Pages (from-to)1589-1597
    Number of pages9
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
    Volume65
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    noise temperature
    microwave circuits
    Low noise amplifiers
    Monolithic microwave integrated circuits
    low noise
    integrated circuits
    amplifiers
    broadband
    Radio astronomy
    Temperature
    radio astronomy
    High electron mobility transistors
    cryogenic temperature
    high electron mobility transistors
    Cryogenics
    ambient temperature
    Transistors
    transistors
    receivers
    frequency ranges

    Keywords

    • Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA)
    • band 2+3
    • broadband
    • cryogenic
    • low noise amplifier (LNA)
    • monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC)
    • 35 nm InP
    • W-band
    • WR-10

    Cite this

    Cuadrado-Calle, D., George, D., Fuller, G. A., Cleary, K., Samoska, L., Kangaslahti, P., ... Mei, X. (2017). Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 65(5), 1589-1597. [7836302]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018
    Cuadrado-Calle, David ; George, Danielle ; Fuller, Gary A. ; Cleary, Kieran ; Samoska, Lorene ; Kangaslahti, Pekka ; Kooi, Jacob W. ; Soria, Mary ; Varonen, Mikko ; Lai, Richard ; Mei, Xiaobing. / Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. In: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2017 ; Vol. 65, No. 5. pp. 1589-1597.
    @article{66de06b01f0a4ed596057c1c71e11688,
    title = "Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K",
    abstract = "Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.",
    keywords = "Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), band 2+3, broadband, cryogenic, low noise amplifier (LNA), monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC), 35 nm InP, W-band, WR-10",
    author = "David Cuadrado-Calle and Danielle George and Fuller, {Gary A.} and Kieran Cleary and Lorene Samoska and Pekka Kangaslahti and Kooi, {Jacob W.} and Mary Soria and Mikko Varonen and Richard Lai and Xiaobing Mei",
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    Cuadrado-Calle, D, George, D, Fuller, GA, Cleary, K, Samoska, L, Kangaslahti, P, Kooi, JW, Soria, M, Varonen, M, Lai, R & Mei, X 2017, 'Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K', IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 65, no. 5, 7836302, pp. 1589-1597. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018

    Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. / Cuadrado-Calle, David; George, Danielle; Fuller, Gary A.; Cleary, Kieran; Samoska, Lorene; Kangaslahti, Pekka; Kooi, Jacob W.; Soria, Mary; Varonen, Mikko; Lai, Richard; Mei, Xiaobing.

    In: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 65, No. 5, 7836302, 2017, p. 1589-1597.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K

    AU - Cuadrado-Calle, David

    AU - George, Danielle

    AU - Fuller, Gary A.

    AU - Cleary, Kieran

    AU - Samoska, Lorene

    AU - Kangaslahti, Pekka

    AU - Kooi, Jacob W.

    AU - Soria, Mary

    AU - Varonen, Mikko

    AU - Lai, Richard

    AU - Mei, Xiaobing

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.

    AB - Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.

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    KW - band 2+3

    KW - broadband

    KW - cryogenic

    KW - low noise amplifier (LNA)

    KW - monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC)

    KW - 35 nm InP

    KW - W-band

    KW - WR-10

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    M3 - Article

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    Cuadrado-Calle D, George D, Fuller GA, Cleary K, Samoska L, Kangaslahti P et al. Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2017;65(5):1589-1597. 7836302. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018