Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K

David Cuadrado-Calle, Danielle George, Gary A. Fuller, Kieran Cleary, Lorene Samoska, Pekka Kangaslahti, Jacob W. Kooi, Mary Soria, Mikko Varonen, Richard Lai, Xiaobing Mei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7836302
Pages (from-to)1589-1597
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

noise temperature
microwave circuits
Low noise amplifiers
Monolithic microwave integrated circuits
low noise
integrated circuits
amplifiers
broadband
Radio astronomy
Temperature
radio astronomy
High electron mobility transistors
cryogenic temperature
high electron mobility transistors
Cryogenics
ambient temperature
Transistors
transistors
receivers
frequency ranges

Keywords

  • Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA)
  • band 2+3
  • broadband
  • cryogenic
  • low noise amplifier (LNA)
  • monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC)
  • 35 nm InP
  • W-band
  • WR-10

Cite this

Cuadrado-Calle, D., George, D., Fuller, G. A., Cleary, K., Samoska, L., Kangaslahti, P., ... Mei, X. (2017). Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 65(5), 1589-1597. [7836302]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018
Cuadrado-Calle, David ; George, Danielle ; Fuller, Gary A. ; Cleary, Kieran ; Samoska, Lorene ; Kangaslahti, Pekka ; Kooi, Jacob W. ; Soria, Mary ; Varonen, Mikko ; Lai, Richard ; Mei, Xiaobing. / Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. In: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2017 ; Vol. 65, No. 5. pp. 1589-1597.
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title = "Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K",
abstract = "Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.",
keywords = "Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), band 2+3, broadband, cryogenic, low noise amplifier (LNA), monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC), 35 nm InP, W-band, WR-10",
author = "David Cuadrado-Calle and Danielle George and Fuller, {Gary A.} and Kieran Cleary and Lorene Samoska and Pekka Kangaslahti and Kooi, {Jacob W.} and Mary Soria and Mikko Varonen and Richard Lai and Xiaobing Mei",
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language = "English",
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pages = "1589--1597",
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Cuadrado-Calle, D, George, D, Fuller, GA, Cleary, K, Samoska, L, Kangaslahti, P, Kooi, JW, Soria, M, Varonen, M, Lai, R & Mei, X 2017, 'Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K', IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 65, no. 5, 7836302, pp. 1589-1597. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018

Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. / Cuadrado-Calle, David; George, Danielle; Fuller, Gary A.; Cleary, Kieran; Samoska, Lorene; Kangaslahti, Pekka; Kooi, Jacob W.; Soria, Mary; Varonen, Mikko; Lai, Richard; Mei, Xiaobing.

In: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 65, No. 5, 7836302, 2017, p. 1589-1597.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K

AU - Cuadrado-Calle, David

AU - George, Danielle

AU - Fuller, Gary A.

AU - Cleary, Kieran

AU - Samoska, Lorene

AU - Kangaslahti, Pekka

AU - Kooi, Jacob W.

AU - Soria, Mary

AU - Varonen, Mikko

AU - Lai, Richard

AU - Mei, Xiaobing

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.

AB - Recent advancements in transistor technology, such as the 35 nm InP HEMT, allow for the development of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low noise amplifiers (LNAs) with performance properties that challenge the hegemony of SIS mixers as leading radio astronomy detectors at frequencies as high as 116 GHz. In particular, for the Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA), this technical advancement allows the combination of two previously defined bands, 2 (67-90 GHz) and 3 (84-116 GHz), into a single ultra-broadband 2+3 (67-116 GHz) receiver. With this purpose, we present the design, implementation, and characterization of LNAs suitable for operation in this new ALMA band 2+3, and also a different set of LNAs for ALMA band 2. The best LNAs reported here show a noise temperature less than 250 K from 72 to 104 GHz at room temperature, and less than 28 K from 70 to 110 GHz at cryogenic ambient temperature of 20 K. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the lowest wideband noise ever published in the 70-110 GHz frequency range, typically designated as W-band.

KW - Atacama Large Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA)

KW - band 2+3

KW - broadband

KW - cryogenic

KW - low noise amplifier (LNA)

KW - monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC)

KW - 35 nm InP

KW - W-band

KW - WR-10

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U2 - 10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018

DO - 10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 1589

EP - 1597

JO - IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques

JF - IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques

SN - 0018-9480

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M1 - 7836302

ER -

Cuadrado-Calle D, George D, Fuller GA, Cleary K, Samoska L, Kangaslahti P et al. Broadband MMIC LNAs for ALMA Band 2+3 With Noise Temperature Below 28 K. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2017;65(5):1589-1597. 7836302. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2639018