Buffer Moisture Protection System

Jouko Ritola, Jutta Peura

Research output: Book/ReportReport


With the present knowledge, bentonite blocks have to be protected from the air relative humidity and from any moisture leakages in the environment that might cause swelling of the bentonite blocks during the "open" installation phase before backfilling. The purpose of this work was to design the structural reference solution both for the bottom of the deposition hole and for the buffer moisture protection and dewatering system with their integrated equipment needed in the deposition hole. This report describes the Posiva’s reference solution for the buffer moisture protection system and the bottom plate on basis of the demands and functional requirements set by long-term safety. The reference solution with structural details has been developed in research work made 2010–2011. The structural solution of the moisture protection system has not yet been tested in practice. On the bottom of the deposition hole a copper plate which protects the lowest bentonite block from the gathered water is installed straight to machined and even rock surface. The moisture protection sheet made of EPDM rubber is attached to the copper plate with an inflatable seal. The upper part of the moisture protection sheet is fixed to the collar structures of the lid which protects the deposition hole in the disposal tunnel. The main function of the moisture protection sheet is to protect bentonite blocks from the leaking water and from the influence of the air humidity at their installation stage. The leaking water is controlled by the dewatering and alarm system which has been integrated into the moisture protection liner.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationOlkiluoto
Number of pages72
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesPosiva Working Report


  • bentonite
  • buffwer
  • moisture protection
  • design
  • bottom structure
  • moisture protection sheet
  • dewatering
  • monitoring
  • alarm system


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