Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides featuring low birefringence with a broad range of waveguide widths

Sanna Yliniemi, Brian R. West, Timo Aalto, Pratheepan Madasamy, Nasser Peyghambarian, Seppo Honkanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optical communications networks require integrated photonic components with negligible polarization dependence, which typically means that the waveguides must feature very low birefringence. Recent studies have shown that waveguides with low birefringence can be obtained, e.g., by using silica on Si waveguides and by buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides. However, many integrated photonic circuits consist of waveguides with varying widths. Therefore, low birefringence is consequently required for waveguides having different widths. This is a difficult task for most waveguide fabrication technologies. In this paper we present theoretical and experimental results on waveguide birefringence for buried silver ion-exchanged glass waveguides. We show that the waveguide birefringence is on the order of 10-6 for waveguide mask opening widths ranging from 2 to 9 μm. The measured values are in good agreement with the values calculated with our modeling software for ion-exchanged glass waveguides. This unique feature of ion-exchanged waveguides may be of significant importance in a wide variety of integrated photonic circuits requiring polarization independent operation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits
EditorsGiancarlo C. Righini, Seppo Honkanen
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
Pages558-564
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventPhotonics Europe 2004 - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 26 Apr 200430 Apr 2004

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE
Volume5451
ISSN0277-786X

Conference

ConferencePhotonics Europe 2004
CountryFrance
CityStrasbourg
Period26/04/0430/04/04

Fingerprint

birefringence
waveguides
glass
ions
photonics
communication networks
polarization
optical communication
masks
silver
silicon dioxide
computer programs
fabrication

Keywords

  • birefringence
  • optical waveguides
  • waveguide

Cite this

Yliniemi, S., West, B. R., Aalto, T., Madasamy, P., Peyghambarian, N., & Honkanen, S. (2004). Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides featuring low birefringence with a broad range of waveguide widths. In G. C. Righini, & S. Honkanen (Eds.), Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits (pp. 558-564). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 5451 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.548227
Yliniemi, Sanna ; West, Brian R. ; Aalto, Timo ; Madasamy, Pratheepan ; Peyghambarian, Nasser ; Honkanen, Seppo. / Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides featuring low birefringence with a broad range of waveguide widths. Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. editor / Giancarlo C. Righini ; Seppo Honkanen. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2004. pp. 558-564 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5451).
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abstract = "Optical communications networks require integrated photonic components with negligible polarization dependence, which typically means that the waveguides must feature very low birefringence. Recent studies have shown that waveguides with low birefringence can be obtained, e.g., by using silica on Si waveguides and by buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides. However, many integrated photonic circuits consist of waveguides with varying widths. Therefore, low birefringence is consequently required for waveguides having different widths. This is a difficult task for most waveguide fabrication technologies. In this paper we present theoretical and experimental results on waveguide birefringence for buried silver ion-exchanged glass waveguides. We show that the waveguide birefringence is on the order of 10-6 for waveguide mask opening widths ranging from 2 to 9 μm. The measured values are in good agreement with the values calculated with our modeling software for ion-exchanged glass waveguides. This unique feature of ion-exchanged waveguides may be of significant importance in a wide variety of integrated photonic circuits requiring polarization independent operation.",
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Yliniemi, S, West, BR, Aalto, T, Madasamy, P, Peyghambarian, N & Honkanen, S 2004, Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides featuring low birefringence with a broad range of waveguide widths. in GC Righini & S Honkanen (eds), Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5451, pp. 558-564, Photonics Europe 2004, Strasbourg, France, 26/04/04. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.548227

Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides featuring low birefringence with a broad range of waveguide widths. / Yliniemi, Sanna; West, Brian R.; Aalto, Timo; Madasamy, Pratheepan; Peyghambarian, Nasser; Honkanen, Seppo.

Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. ed. / Giancarlo C. Righini; Seppo Honkanen. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2004. p. 558-564 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5451).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Yliniemi, Sanna

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AU - Aalto, Timo

AU - Madasamy, Pratheepan

AU - Peyghambarian, Nasser

AU - Honkanen, Seppo

N1 - CA2: TTE6 CA: TTE

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N2 - Optical communications networks require integrated photonic components with negligible polarization dependence, which typically means that the waveguides must feature very low birefringence. Recent studies have shown that waveguides with low birefringence can be obtained, e.g., by using silica on Si waveguides and by buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides. However, many integrated photonic circuits consist of waveguides with varying widths. Therefore, low birefringence is consequently required for waveguides having different widths. This is a difficult task for most waveguide fabrication technologies. In this paper we present theoretical and experimental results on waveguide birefringence for buried silver ion-exchanged glass waveguides. We show that the waveguide birefringence is on the order of 10-6 for waveguide mask opening widths ranging from 2 to 9 μm. The measured values are in good agreement with the values calculated with our modeling software for ion-exchanged glass waveguides. This unique feature of ion-exchanged waveguides may be of significant importance in a wide variety of integrated photonic circuits requiring polarization independent operation.

AB - Optical communications networks require integrated photonic components with negligible polarization dependence, which typically means that the waveguides must feature very low birefringence. Recent studies have shown that waveguides with low birefringence can be obtained, e.g., by using silica on Si waveguides and by buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides. However, many integrated photonic circuits consist of waveguides with varying widths. Therefore, low birefringence is consequently required for waveguides having different widths. This is a difficult task for most waveguide fabrication technologies. In this paper we present theoretical and experimental results on waveguide birefringence for buried silver ion-exchanged glass waveguides. We show that the waveguide birefringence is on the order of 10-6 for waveguide mask opening widths ranging from 2 to 9 μm. The measured values are in good agreement with the values calculated with our modeling software for ion-exchanged glass waveguides. This unique feature of ion-exchanged waveguides may be of significant importance in a wide variety of integrated photonic circuits requiring polarization independent operation.

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Yliniemi S, West BR, Aalto T, Madasamy P, Peyghambarian N, Honkanen S. Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides featuring low birefringence with a broad range of waveguide widths. In Righini GC, Honkanen S, editors, Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2004. p. 558-564. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5451). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.548227