Business models and product groups for Product Service Systems (PSS) in the Nordics: Final report

Kia Egebæk, Amalie Børglum Ploug Olsen, Iris Secher Kristensen, Bjørn Bauer, Emanuela Vanacore (Contributor), Derek Diener (Contributor), John Baxter (Contributor), Rannvá Danielsen (Contributor), Henna Sundqvist-Andberg (Contributor), Päivi Petänen (Contributor), Stefán Gíslason (Contributor)

Research output: Book/ReportReport


Product Service Systems (PSS) have significant potential for supporting circular and digital economy, improving societal sustainability and value creation. This project aims to demonstrate whether, when and how PSS can be economically and environmentally successful and contribute to the fulfilment of the Nordic Vision ‘to become the most sustainable and integrated region in the world’.

This report presents the findings from the project’s first two steps to create an overview of existing PSS models in the Nordics (step 1) and identify key product groups suitable for PSS (step 2). The report provides insight into existing PSS solutions applied in the Nordic Region, based on Arnold Tukker's three categories for PSS - Product-oriented, Use-oriented, and Result-oriented. The analysis is based on 275 cases of PSS found in the Nordic countries and categorised into nine product group clusters: Transportation, Packaging, Machinery and tools, Appliances, furniture and household products, Product for children, Clothing and accessories, Seasonal and special occasions, Electronic equipment and solutions, and ‘Other’.
Original languageEnglish
Commissioning bodyNordic Council of Ministers
Number of pages69
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2022
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study


Dive into the research topics of 'Business models and product groups for Product Service Systems (PSS) in the Nordics: Final report'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this