Business models for full service energy renovation of single-family houses in Nordic countries

Krushna Mahapatra (Corresponding Author), Leif Gustavsson, Trond Haavik, Synnøve Aabrekk, Svend Svendsen, Lies Vanhoutteghem, Satu Paiho, Mia Ala-Juusela

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    73 Citations (Scopus)


    In Nordic countries significant primary energy saving potential exists in houses built before 1980. These old houses need to be renovated, which provides an opportunity for implementation of energy efficiency measures. However, there are several economic and market hindrances and the renovation markets are dominated by handicraft-based individual solutions. In this paper we have analyzed the opportunities for implementation of one-stop-shop business models where an overall contractor offers full-service renovation packages including consulting, independent energy audit, renovation work, follow-up (independent quality control and commissioning) and financing. A comparative assessment of emerging business models in the Nordic countries shows that different types of actors can provide such a service. Financing is included in some models. There are differences in how customers are contacted, while the similarities are on how the service is provided. Even though there is strong business potential for one-stop-shop energy renovation concept, still it has been somewhat difficult to start or run such a business. Various options to overcome the hindrances to promote energy efficient renovation of detached houses are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1558-1565
    JournalApplied Energy
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • building
    • business model
    • energy efficiency
    • renovation


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