Calcium addition in straw gasification

H. Risnes, J. Fjellerup, U. Henriksen, Antero Moilanen, P. Norby, K. Papadakis, D. Posselt, L. Sorensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


The present work focuses on the influence of calcium addition in gasification. The inorganic–organic element interaction as well as the detailed inorganic–inorganic elements interaction has been studied.
The effect of calcium addition as calcium sugar/molasses solutions to straw significantly affected the ash chemistry and the ash sintering tendency but much less the char reactivity.
Thermo balance test are made and high-temperature X-ray diffraction measurements are performed, the experimental results indicate that with calcium addition major inorganic–inorganic reactions take place very late in the char conversion process.
Comprehensive global equilibrium calculations predicted important characteristics of the inorganic ash residue.
Equilibrium calculations predict the formation of liquid salt if sufficient amounts of Ca are added and according to experiments as well as calculations calcium binds silicon primarily as calcium silicates and less as potassium calcium silicates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-651
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • ash sintering
  • global equilibrium calculations
  • gasification


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