Calendering of coated paper at high speeds and temperatures

Taina Lamminmäki, Ulla Forsström, Matti Tienari, Erkki Saharinen, Jaana Mikkilä, Jukka Koskelainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing calendering speeds are challenging paper mills to further develop their coating recipes and calendering conditions to maintain adequate surface properties. In particular, this is putting pressure on mills to raise roll temperatures. At high temperatures the behavior of latex after glass transition temperature region becomes increasingly significant and has an important impact on surface properties. The significance of the gel content and glass transition temperature (Tg) of latex in coating and calendering was studied. The results indicated that at constant Tg the high gel content latex generated a denser, more closed coating structure than medium or low gel content latex. Low gel content latex produced the glossiest but most porous coating layer. In terms of the gloss increase achieved by calendering, it is best to use low Tg latex at low calendering temperature and high Tg latex at high temperature. Latex particle size also had an effect on paper properties. Smaller particles produced a rougher and less glossy surface. The results clearly showed that many coating properties after calendering were related to the coating properties before calendering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-360
JournalNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Calendering
  • Coating
  • Coating structure
  • Gloss
  • Latex
  • Porosity
  • Temperature
  • Viscoelastic


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